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Urban green commons: Insights on urban common property systems
The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7644-7448
The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2637-2024
The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Alterra, Wageningen UR, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 1039-1051Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to shed new light on urban common property systems. We deal with urban commons in relation to urban green-space management, referring to them as urban green commons. Applying a property-rights analytic perspective, we synthesize information on urban green commons from three case-study regions in Sweden, Germany, and South Africa, and elaborate on their role for biodiversity conservation in urban settings, with a focus on business sites. Cases cover both formally established types of urban green commons and bottom-up emerged community-managed habitats. As our review demonstrates, the right to actively manage urban green space is a key characteristic of urban green commons whether ownership to land is in the private, public, the club realm domain, or constitutes a hybrid of these. We discuss the important linkages among urban common property systems, social–ecological learning, and management of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Several benefits can be associated with urban green commons, such as a reduction of costs for ecosystem management and as designs for reconnecting city-inhabitants to the biosphere. The emergence of urban green commons appears closely linked to dealing with societal crises and for reorganizing cities; hence, they play a key role in transforming cities toward more socially and ecologically benign environments. While a range of political questions circumscribe the feasibility of urban green commons, we discuss their usefulness in management of different types of urban habitats, their political justification and limitation, their potential for improved biodiversity conservation, and conditions for their emergence. We conclude by postulating some general policy advice.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 1039-1051
Emneord [en]
Biodiversity conservation, Common property systems, Ecosystem management, Property rights, Urban green commons
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28037DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.05.006ISI: 000328179400022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84886726644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28037DiVA, id: diva2:1253899
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-03 Laget: 2018-10-07 Sist oppdatert: 2018-11-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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