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Food and Green Space in Cities: A Resilience Lens on Gardens and Urban Environmental Movements
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2637-2024
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of Calilfornia, Santa Barbara, USA.
Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, Rondesbosch, Cape Town, South Africa.
2015 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, no 7, p. 1321-1338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the role played by urban gardens during historical collapses in urban food supply lines and identifies the social processes required to protect two crit- ical elements of urban food production during times of crisis - open green spaces and the collective memory of how to grow food. Advanced communication and transport technologies allow food sequestration from the farthest reaches of the planet, but have markedly increasing urban dependence on global food systems over the past 50 years. Simultaneously, such advances have eroded collective memory of food production, while suitable spaces for urban gardening have been lost. These factors combine to heighten the potential for food shortages when - as occurred in the 20th century - major economic, political or environmental crises sever supply lines to urban areas. This paper considers how to govern urban areas sustainably in order to ensure food security in times of crisis by: evincing the effectiveness of urban gardening during crises; showing how allotment gardens serve as conduits for transmitting collective social-ecological memories of food production; and, discussing roles and strategies of urban environmental movements for protecting urban green space. Urban gardening and urban social movements can build local ecological and social response capacity against major collapses in urban food supplies. Hence, they should be incorporated as central elements of sustainable urban development. Urban governance for resilience should be historically informed about major food crises and allow for redundant food production solutions as a response to uncertain futures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 52, no 7, p. 1321-1338
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Resources Management; Human Geography; Cultural Anthropology; Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28093DOI: 10.1177/0042098012472744ISI: 000351853200007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925639103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28093DiVA, id: diva2:1254584
Projects
SUPER, ‘‘Sustainable Urban Planning for Ecosystem Services and Resilience"Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Barthel, Stephan

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