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Gear selection between techniques in freestyle cross-country skiing in athletes with intellectual impairment: A pilot study
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2995-4428
Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium.
Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium.
2018 (English)In: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 1150-1155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cross-country skiing is a fast-paced, a cognitively demanding, and a popular sport within international organizationsincluding athletes with intellectual impairment (II); however, research on how the level of II affects skiing performanceis limited. The aim of this exploratory study was to compare differences in the overall performance (segment time and racetime) and gear selection between a sample of cross-country skiers with II (n¼22) and a control group of skiers without II(n¼12), during a competitive 10 km freestyle race. The groups were matched on training background and skiing level basedon interviews with coaches and trainers. The independent samples t-test revealed a higher velocity in the first segment forthe control group (6.100.62 m/s) compared to the skiers with II (5.500.56 m/s; p<0.05), but no significant differencesin total race time between the groups. With respect to their ability to effectively select gears during the races, there was asignificant difference between the groups, where the pattern was that skiers with II used a lower gear compared to theskiers without II and that pattern became even more apparent towards the second half of the race. These findings supportthe assumption that impaired cognitive function may constrain the ability to optimally select the appropriate gear infunction of the characteristics of the skiing track, which is a key determinant of skiing performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 13, no 6, p. 1150-1155
Keywords [en]
Classification, cognitive functioning, intellectual disability, Nordic skiing, Paralympics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28593DOI: 10.1177/1747954118798233ISI: 000452267900036Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057034077OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28593DiVA, id: diva2:1265132
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved

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