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Meeting physical activity recommendations is associated with health-related quality of life in women before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery
Department of Public Health Sciences (PHS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Public Health Sciences (PHS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9567-0773
Department of Public Health Sciences (PHS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 1497-1507Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations is positively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but it is still unclear whether PA (specifically objectively measured) is associated with HRQoL in bariatric surgery candidates, both before and after surgery. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between meeting objectively measured PA recommendations and HRQoL before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery.

METHODS: Sixty-six women undergoing RYGB with pre-surgery and 62 women with post-surgery valid PA and HRQoL data were included from the control group of a RCT study aiming at improving HRQoL and PA post-RYGB surgery. Measures before and 12 months after RYGB included the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and objectively measured PA, sedentary time (ST), and step counts with GT3X+ accelerometers. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the associations between PA and HRQoL.

RESULTS: Participants who engaged in more than 150 min of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA)/week (PA recommendations) had considerably higher SF-36 scores (HRQoL) than those who did not, both pre and 12-month post-surgery, with greatest difference in the subscale bodily pain, 15.5 (p = 0.021) higher score (higher scores means less pain) pre-surgery and a 19.7 (p = 0.004) higher score post-surgery. Higher LPA and step counts and lower ST also showed positive associations in some of the subscales of SF-36.

CONCLUSIONS: Meeting the PA recommendations and overall engaging in more PA was associated with higher HRQoL, pre-, and post-RYGB surgery, highlighting the importance of PA both pre- and post-surgery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 28, no 6, p. 1497-1507
Keywords [en]
Bariatric surgery, Gastric bypass, Health-related quality of life, Physical activity, Sedentary time, Step counts
National Category
Clinical Medicine Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29377DOI: 10.1007/s11136-019-02120-0ISI: 000468211600009PubMedID: 30721385Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85061216695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29377DiVA, id: diva2:1295831
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-02621Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Willmer, Mikaela

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