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Evaluation of Thermal Comfort in a Historic Building Refurbished to an Office Building with Modernized HVAC Systems
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology. Department of Construction, Gavlefastigheter Company, Gävle, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9076-0801
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2023-689x
2019 (English)In: Advances in Building Energy Research, ISSN 1751-2549, E-ISSN 1756-2201Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Envelopes with low thermal performance are common characteristics in European historic buildings, causing higher energy demand and insufficient thermal comfort. This paper presents the results of a study on indoor environmental quality (IEQ), with special focus on thermal comfort, in the historic City Hall of Gävle, Sweden, now used as an office building. There are two modern heat recovery ventilation systems with displacement ventilation supply devices. The district heating network heats the building via pre-heat supply air and radiators. Summer cooling comes from electric heat pump ejecting heat into the exhaust ventilation air. A building management system (BMS) controls the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment. The methodology included on-site measurements, BMS data logging and evaluating the occupants’ perception of a summer and a winter period indoor environment using a standardized questionnaire. In conclusion, indoor environmental quality in this historic building is unsatisfactory. Stuffy air, too high, too low and varying room temperatures, lighting problems and noise are constant issues. Although it is equipped with modern ventilation systems, there are still possibilities for improving thermal comfort by improved control strategies, since upgrading the building’s envelope is not allowed according to the Swedish Building Regulations in historic buildings with heritage value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Thermal comfort, historic building, HVAC
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29442DOI: 10.1080/17512549.2019.1604428Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064678798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29442DiVA, id: diva2:1302802
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20150133Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Khosravi Bakhtiari, HosseinAkander, JanCehlin, Mathias

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