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When is forewarned forearmed?: Predicting auditory distraction in short-term memory
Deparment of Psychology, University of London, Egham, UK.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för byggnadsteknik, energisystem och miljövetenskap, Miljövetenskap. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, ISSN 0278-7393, E-ISSN 1939-1285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) In press
Abstract [en]

Two experiments critically examined a predictive-coding based account of the vulnerability of short-term memory to auditory distraction, particularly the disruptive effect of changing-state sound on verbal serial recall. Experiment 1 showed that providing participants with the opportunity to predict the contents of an imminent spoken distractor sentence via a forewarning reduced its particularly disruptive effect but only to the same level of disruption as that produced by ‘simpler’ changing-state sequences (a sequence of letter-names). Moreover, a post-categorically unpredictable changing-state sequence (e.g., “F, B, H, E …”) was no more disruptive than a post-categorically predictable sequence (“A, B, C, D …”). Experiment 2 showed that a sentence distractor was disruptive regardless of whether participants reported adopting a serial rehearsal strategy to perform the focal task (in this case, a missing-item task) whereas, critically, the disruptive effect of simpler changing-state sequences was only found in participants who reported using a serial rehearsal strategy. Moreover, when serial rehearsal was not used to perform the focal task, the disruptive effect of sentences was completely abolished by a forewarning. These results indicate that predictability plays no role in the classical changing-state irrelevant sound effect and that foreknowledge selectively attenuates a functionally distinct stimulus-specific attentional-diversion effect. As such, the results are at odds with a unitary, attentional, account of auditory distraction in short-term memory and instead strongly support a duplex-mechanism account.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019.
Nyckelord [en]
Auditory distraction, serial recall, predictive coding, short-term memory, interference-by-process, duplex-mechanism account
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29722DOI: 10.1037/xlm0000736OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29722DiVA, id: diva2:1321585
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VetenskapsrådetTillgänglig från: 2019-06-09 Skapad: 2019-06-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Marsh, John Everett

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