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“En människa, inte bara en elev”: En undersökning som låter individer som begått brott  tala om sin skolgång
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“A human, not only a student” : A study that allows people who have committed crimes to talk about their past experiences at school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att undersöka individer som begått brott och deras skolgång för att se om det finns faktorer i skolan som kan ha bidragit till utvecklandet av ett kriminellt beteende. Frågeställningarna var “Vilka erfarenheter har intervjudeltagarna av grundskolan och eventuella gymnasiestudier?” och “Vilka skolrelaterade risk- och skyddsfaktorer för kriminalitet kan utläsas utifrån deras berättelser?”. I skolan finns ett antal skydds-och riskfaktorer som enligt tidigare forskning kan verka för att minimera eller förstärka risken för kriminellt beteende. Sociala band-teorin användes för att analysera resultatet. För att strukturera datamaterialet applicerades kvalitativ innehållsanalys på intervjusvaren. Genom två semistrukturerade intervjuer och två fokusgruppsintervjuer med totalt åtta deltagare som har begått brottsliga handlingar framkom berättelser om situationer i skolan. Utifrån de berättelserna gick det att utläsa vilka risk-och skyddsfaktorer som kan ha påverkat intervjudeltagarnas brottsaktivitet. Bland annat förekom skolk, mobbning, vara uttråkad i skolan och dålig relation till lärarna. Slutsatserna var att individerna som intervjuades hade en dålig relation till skolan, men att även andra faktorer kan ha inverkat på risken för brottslighet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to get an understanding of the past experiences at school of persons with a criminal past. The purpose was to understand risk-and protective factors which contributes to the development of their criminal behavior. The research questions are “What experiences do the interview participants have from primary school and possibly high school?” and “What school related risk- and protective factors for criminality can be deducted from their stories?”. Based on previous literature, there are risk-and protective factors which whether increase or decrease criminal behavior. In order to collect data, two semi structured and two focus group interviews with in total eight participants were conducted. The social bonding- theory built the theoretical framework that were used to interpret the results. The results were analysed with qualitative content analysis. It was possible to interpret which risk- and protective factors that could have had an impact in the participants’ delinquency from their stories. The results showed that the risk factors are truancy, bullying, being bored in school and a bad relationship with the teachers. The conclusions was that the participants had a bad relationship with school, but it is recognized that there are additional impacting factors leading to criminal behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 50
Keywords [sv]
Riskfaktorer, Skyddsfaktorer, Skola, Kriminalitet
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30331DiVA, id: diva2:1332794
Subject / course
Criminology
Educational program
Study Program in Applied Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-06-28 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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Language
  • sv-SE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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