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Compositional analysis of sedentary behavior and physical activity during work and leisure among male and female office workers
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1443-6211
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4094-3391
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objective: To determine the extent to which male and female office workers differ in their time-use composition of sitting behaviors (SB) and physical activity (PA) during work and leisure.

Methods: SB and PA was measured using thigh-worn accelerometers for up to 8 full days in 77 male and 104 female office workers. Daily time-use compositions during work and leisure were described in four exhaustive categories, i.e. sitting in short (<30  min) and long (≥30 min) bouts, standing, and active behaviors. Following a compositional data analysis procedure, isometric log-ratios (ilr) were calculated to express time in sitting relative to non-sitting, short relative to long sitting bouts, and standing relative to active behaviors. Differences between sexes (men and women) and domains (work and leisure) were examined on the basis of these ilrs using ANOVA.

Results: At work, time spent sitting in short bouts, long bouts, standing, and active was, on average, 34%, 36%, 22% and 8% among men and 31%, 37%, 24% and 8% among women. Corresponding proportions during leisure were 34%, 25%, 28% and 13% among men and 29%, 28%, 31% and 12% among women. Time spent sitting relative to non-sitting differed significantly between work and leisure (ilr sitting-vs-non-sitting, partial eta squared=0.09, p<0.01). During leisure, men used proportionally more time than women in short sitting bouts (ilr short-vs-long, partial eta squared=0.06, p<0.01) and spent more time in active behaviors relative to standing (ilr standing-vs-active, partial eta squared=0.04, p<0.01). No significant sex differences were observed during work (p>0.05).

Conclusions:  The leisure behavior observed among men is probably more beneficial for health than that observed for women. However, both men and women spent a major proportion of their time sitting, both at and outside their office work, and they were, in general, only little active. Thus, both men and women could benefit from interventions to reduce SB and increase PA both at work and during leisure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. article id 1-45
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30450DiVA, id: diva2:1339291
Conference
6th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM), 26-28 June 2019, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Note

ICAMPAM 2019 Poster abstracts: https://ismpb.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/ICAMPAM2019PosterAbstracts.pdf

Available from: 2019-07-29 Created: 2019-07-29 Last updated: 2019-09-23

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Johansson, ElinMathiassen, Svend ErikLyskov, EugeneHallman, David

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