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Investigating the Effect of One Year of Learning to Play a Musical Instrument on Speech-in-Noise Perception and Phonological Short-Term Memory in 5-to-7-Year-Old Children
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för byggnadsteknik, energisystem och miljövetenskap, Miljövetenskap. University of Pretoria, South Africa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4947-4579
Loughborough University, UK.
University of Pretoria, South Africa.
University of Pretoria, South Africa.
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, artikel-id 2865Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The benefits in speech-in-noise perception, language and cognition brought about by extensive musical training in adults and children have been demonstrated in a number of cross-sectional studies. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether one year of school-delivered musical training, consisting of individual and group instrumental classes, was capable of producing advantages for speech-in-noise perception and phonological short-term memory in children tested in a simulated classroom environment. Forty-one children aged 5-7 years at the first measurement point participated in the study and either went to a music-focused or a sport-focused private school with an otherwise equivalent school curriculum. The children’s ability to detect number and color words in noise was measured under a number of conditions including different masker types (speech-shaped noise, single-talker background) and under varying spatial combinations of target and masker (spatially collocated, spatially separated). Additionally, a cognitive factor essential to speech perception, namely phonological short-term memory, was assessed. Findings were unable to confirm that musical training of the frequency and duration administered was associated with a musician's advantage for either speech in noise, under any of the masker or spatial conditions tested, or phonological short-term memory.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2020. Vol. 10, artikel-id 2865
Nyckelord [en]
children, cognition, musical training, phonological short-term memory, speech in noise
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31616DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02865ISI: 000509580200001PubMedID: 31998174Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85078416989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31616DiVA, id: diva2:1390711
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-03 Skapad: 2020-02-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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MacCutcheon, DouglasLjung, Robert

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