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Assessing the historical adaptive cycles of an urban social-ecological system and its potential future resilience: the case of Xochimilco, Mexico City
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7122-6790
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
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2020 (English)In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the bulk of the world’s population becomes urban, maintaining urban ecosystem services for environmental and social well-being in cities is crucial. According to resilience theory, maintaining such services requires for a complex adaptive systems perspective that helps in identifying key elements and dynamics behind cross-scale social-ecological interactions. In this context, the objective of this article is to use a resilience “lens” to problematize the imminent loss of an urban wetland using the adaptive cycle model as a heuristic tool. Our case study focuses on the Xochimilco wetland, located in the southern periphery of Mexico City. Xochimilco is characterized by the presence of a complex system of raised bed wetland agriculture (the chinampa system), which was established over 1000 years ago; currently, despite having a recognized cultural and environmental value, it is threatened by increasing urban sprawl, over-exploitation of the aquifer, and water contamination. By conducting a historical analysis of the Xochimilco social-ecological system, we assess how it has gone through phases of the adaptive cycle. As a result, we identify critical elements of the system’s historically maintained resilience and main drivers of system change. From such findings, we present some insights on the possibilities of maintaining the system’s resilience and guidance for future management strategies for the Xochimilco wetland. Lastly, we reflect on the scope and limitations of using a resilience-based approach and an adaptive cycle analysis for addressing urban sustainability problems, especially in cities in the Global South.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 20, no 1, article id 7
Keywords [en]
Adaptive cycles, Mexico City, Peri-urban, Urban resilience, Wetland, Xochimilco
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31724DOI: 10.1007/s10113-020-01587-9Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85078933113OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31724DiVA, id: diva2:1394022
Note

Funding: UNAM-DGAPA-PAPIIT No. IA301117

Available from: 2020-02-18 Created: 2020-02-18 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Schewenius, Maria

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