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A Singular Value Decomposition Based Approach for Classifying Concealed Objects in Short Range Polarimetric Radar Imaging
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Electronics. KTH.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2887-049x
KTH.
2019 (English)In: 2019 PhotonIcs & Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring (PIERS-Spring), 2019, p. 4109-4115, article id 9017334Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In current research one of the main challenges in short range synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is electrically small structures and objects, which tend to unclear reinforced or through the wall objects, object orientation angle, and obscure contribution to extract the position of concealed multiple small objects. In this paper, ultra-wide-band (UWB) polarimetric radar was used to study reinforced objects and for estimation of object angle at short range. Electrically small 1D periodic mesh, 2D periodic meshes and differently oriented small objects or meshes could not be distinguished in conventional SAR images. A radar system with transmit and receive antennae mounted on a two dimensional scanning grid was used. The aim is non-destructive testing of built structures, in concrete slab manufacturing and for use in the renovation process. UWB short range radar data and images corresponding to different polarization states were analysed by using singular value decomposition (SVD). To perform decomposition, the proposed approach applies SVD to image data matrices produced from the back projection algorithm (BPA) to classify the different objects and identify the object angle. Then, sets of singular-components of different polarization states are analysed to classify objects. Also, the BPA algorithm is performed to construct the object images from the polarimetric radar signals. The object reflection varied with the polarimetric state of the UWB radar, which contributes to different object signatures (i.e., object intensity) since the object signature depends on the orientation, the size, and the number of objects. Object orientation with respect to the radar system and object anisotropy could be determined from the ratio of the different polarimetric singular-components. This proposed complex data analysis method demonstrates the usefulness of the SVD using BPA in extracting more information about and for classifying an object.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. p. 4109-4115, article id 9017334
Keywords [en]
Radar imaging, Antenna measurements, Radar antennas, Ultra wideband radar, Radar polarimetry, Springs
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32007DOI: 10.1109/PIERS-Spring46901.2019.9017334Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85081990211ISBN: 978-1-7281-3403-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-32007DiVA, id: diva2:1412416
Conference
2019 PhotonIcs & Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring (PIERS-Spring)
Note

This work was supported by the European Commission within the European Regional Development Fund, through the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, and in part by Region-Gävleborg.

Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-06 Last updated: 2020-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Choudhary, VipinRönnow, Daniel

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CiteExportLink to record
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