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Applying a Systems Perspective on the Notion of the Smart City
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. Beijerinstitutet för Ekologisk Ekonomi, KVA. (Urban Studio)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7644-7448
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8413-3975
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
Chalmers University of Technology.
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2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 3, no 2, article id 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the need for a widened definition of the notion of technology within the smart city discourse, with a particular focus on the “built environment”. The first part of the paper describes how current tendencies in urban design and architecture are inclined to prioritize high tech-solutions at the expense of low-tech functionalities and omits that information and communication technology (ICT) contrasts the art of building cities as an adaptable and habitually smart technology in itself. It continues with an elaboration on the need for expanding the limits of system boundaries for a better understanding of the energy and material telecouplings that are linked to ICT solutions and account for some perils inherent in smart technologies, such as rebound effects and the difficulty of measuring the environmental impacts of ICT solutions on a city level. The second part of the paper highlights how low-tech technologies and nature-based solutions can make cities smarter, representing a new technology portfolio in national and international policies for safeguarding biodiversity and the delivery of a range of ecosystem services, promoting the necessary climate-change adaption that cities need to prioritize to confer resilience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2020. Vol. 3, no 2, article id 22
Keywords [en]
smart city; ICT; built environment; digital technology; urban design and architecture; biodiversity; nature-based solutions; resilience
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Sustainable Urban Development
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32341DOI: 10.3390/smartcities3020022ISI: 000661781700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85104198823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-32341DiVA, id: diva2:1433035
Projects
Urban Studio
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2017-00937Available from: 2020-05-28 Created: 2020-05-28 Last updated: 2023-06-22Bibliographically approved

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Colding, JohanWallhagen, MaritaSörqvist, PatrikHillman, KarlSamuelsson, KarlBarthel, Stephan

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