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Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta hälsofrämjande med personer i socioekonomisk utsatthet: En intervjustudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige har alla rätt till god hälsa. Faktorer som inverkar på hälsa är individens levnadsvanor och ekonomi. Faktorer som sjukdom, sociala relationer och arbetslöshet inverkar på antalet socioekonomiskt utsatta personer som ökar i antal. Distriktssköterskan har en viktig roll i hälsofrämjande arbete med personer i socioekonomisk utsatthet genom rådgivning, stöd och sätta upp individuella mål så personen hittar sin egen drivkraft till att göra livsstilsförändringar.

 

Syfte: Syfte med studien var att beskriva distriktssköterskors erfarenhet av att arbeta hälsofrämjande med personer i socioekonomisk utsatthet

 

Metod: Studien hade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. Data samlades in med semistrukturerade intervjuer utifrån en intervjuguide med öppna frågor. Nio distriktssköterskor deltog. Analysen genomfördes med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

 

Huvudresultat: Distriktssköterskorna beskrev att bemötande, skapa tillit och behandla alla lika var viktigt. De beskrev olika strategier för att nå fram till dessa personer genom att möta personen där den är, göra förändringar i små steg och ha regelbundna uppföljningar för att uppnå ett hållbart resultat i det hälsofrämjande arbetet med livsstilsförändringar.

 

Slutsats: För att uppnå ett hållbart resultat i det hälsofrämjande arbetet med personer i socioekonomisk utsatthet och livsstilsförändringar var det viktigt att möta personen där den var, göra förändringar i små steg och ha regelbundna uppföljningar.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden everyone has the right to good health. Factors affecting health are the individual's lifestyle and finances. Factors such as illness, social relationships and unemployment affect the number of socio-economically vulnerable people who increase in numbers. The district nurse has an important role in health promotion work with people in socio-economic vulnerability through counseling, support and setting individual goals so people who have their own driving force to make lifestyle changes.

 

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the district nurses' experience of working health promotion with persons in socio-economic vulnerability.

 

Method: The study had a description design with a qualitative approach. Data was collected with semi-structured interviews based on an interview guide with open questions. Nine district nurses participated. The analysis was conducted with qualitative content analysis.

 

Main result: The district nurses described that attending, creating trust and treating everyone equally was important. They describe different strategies for reaching these people by meeting people where they are, making changes in small steps and having regular follow-ups to achieve a sustainable result in the health promotion work on lifestile changes.

 

Conclusion: In order to achive a sustainable result in the health promotion work with people in socio-economic vulnerability and lifestyle changes, it was important to meet people where it was, make changes in small steps and have regular follow-ups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
District nurses, experience, socio-economically disadvantaged, health promotion work
Keywords [sv]
Distriktssköterskor, erfarenhet, socioekonomiskt utsatta, hälsofrämjande arbete
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-34190OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-34190DiVA, id: diva2:1484473
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-10-29 Created: 2020-10-29 Last updated: 2020-10-30Bibliographically approved

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