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Potentials for biomass fired combined heat and power plants considering the spatial distribution of biomass supply and heat demand: an Austrian case study
Doctoral School Sustainable Development, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Jordan Straße 82, A-1190 Vienna, Austria.
International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9230-1596
International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
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2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants fired by forest wood can significantly contribute to attaining the target of increasing the share of renewable energy production. However, the spatial distribution of biomass supply and of heat demand limit the potentials of CHP production. This paper assesses CHP potentials using a mixed integer programming model that optimizes locations of bioenergy plants. Investment costs of district heating infrastructure are modeled as a function of heat demand densities, which can differ substantially. Gasification of biomass in a combined cycle process is assumed as production technology. Some model parameters have a broad range according to a literature review. Monte-Carlo simulations have therefore been performed to account for model parameter uncertainty in our analysis. The model is applied to assess CHP potentials in Austria. Optimal locations of plants are clustered around big cities in the east of the country. At current power prices, biomass based CHP production allows producing around 3% of the total energy demand in Austria. Yet, the heat utilization decreases when CHP production increases due to limited heat demand that is suitable for district heating. Production potentials are most sensitive to power prices, biomass costs and biomass availability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-38321DiVA, id: diva2:1649050
Conference
10th IAEE European Conference,Energy, Policies and Technologies for Sustainable Economies 7 - 10 September 2009, Vienna, Austria
Available from: 2009-11-29 Created: 2022-04-01 Last updated: 2022-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Dotzauer, Erik

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf