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A Study of Self-Care Practice in Routine Radiotherapy Care: Identifying Differences Between Practitioners and Non-Practitioners in Sociodemographic, Clinical, Functional, and Quality-of-Life-Related Characteristics
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap, Med-Vårdvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0878-2951
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap, Med-Vårdvetenskap. Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7922-4258
Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Integrative Cancer Therapies, ISSN 1534-7354, E-ISSN 1552-695X, Vol. 21, s. 1-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:

The objective of this study was to describe self-care practice during radiotherapy for cancer and to identify potential differences between practitioners and non-practitioners of self-care regarding sociodemographic, clinical, functional, and quality-of-life-related characteristics.

Methods:

In this descriptive study, 439 patients (87% response rate) undergoing radiotherapy responded to a study questionnaire regarding self-care, sociodemographic, clinical (eg, experienced symptoms), functional, and quality-of-life-related characteristics.

Results:

Of the 439 patients, 189 (43%) practiced at least one self-care strategy, while 250 (57%) did not. In total, the patients described 332 self-care practices, resulting in 14 different categories of self-care strategies. The 5 most common indicators of practicing self-care were fatigue, general wellbeing, psychological symptoms, nausea, vomiting and improving physical condition. The 5 most common self-care strategies were physical activity, increased recovery, healthy eating, distraction, and skincare. Patients who were married, were older than 69, patients with less education than university education, patients undergoing a combination of internal and external radiotherapy, patients experiencing fewer than 8 symptoms, and better quality of life, practiced self-care to a lower extent than did other patients. Functional capacity did not differ between self-care practitioners and non-practitioners.

Conclusion and Implications for Practice:

Of the patients undergoing radiotherapy, slightly less than half practiced self-care during an ordinary week of radiotherapy. Because older and less-educated patients were less likely to practice self-care, cancer care practitioners should consider paying particular attention to helping such patients with their self-care practice.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
SAGE , 2022. Vol. 21, s. 1-13
Nyckelord [en]
cancer care; category scale; complementary and alternative medicine; effect moderators; Numeric Rating scale; nursing; oncology care; rehabilitation; treatment expectations; Visual Analog scale
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälsovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-40297DOI: 10.1177/15347354221130301ISI: 000869772200001PubMedID: 36245274Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85139885844OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-40297DiVA, id: diva2:1705060
Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-20 Skapad: 2022-10-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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Stake-Nilsson, KerstinTödt, KristinaEfverman, Anna

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