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With that diet, you will go far: trait-based analysis reveals a link between rapid range expansion and a nitrogen-favoured diet
School of Natural Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden .
Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för elektronik, matematik och naturvetenskap, Biologi. (Biologi)
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany .
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 280, nr 1750, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent global change has had a substantial influence on the distribution of organisms, and many species are currently expanding their ranges. To evaluate the underlying processes, long-term data with good geographic resolution are essential. One important but generally overlooked data source is offered by the taxon-specific national catalogues of first provincial records that are kept in many countries. Here, we use such data to quantify trait-based influences on range expansion in Swedish butterflies and moths between 1973 and 2010. Of 282 species meeting pre-defined quality criteria, 170 expanded their northern range margin, with a mean expansion rate of 2.7 km per year. The analyses demonstrate that habitat and diet generalists, forest species and species active during warm conditions have expanded their ranges more rapidly than other species. Notably, range expansion in diet specialists was positively related to a nitrogen-favoured larval diet, an effect not found among oligo- or polyphagous species. In contrast to the general view, this shows that specialist species can undergo rapid range expansion. We suggest that increased areas of nitrogen-rich habitat, and increased availability of a nitrogen-favoured diet, are among the most important drivers of range expansions, potentially having far-reaching consequences for a wide variety of organisms.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. Vol. 280, nr 1750, s. 1-6
Nyckelord [en]
butterfly, climate change, habitat availability, moth, species trait, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13323DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.2305ISI: 000311943100029Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84869829545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13323DiVA, id: diva2:563672
Tillgänglig från: 2012-10-31 Skapad: 2012-10-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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