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Disruption of writing by background speech: a classroom experiment
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Energisystem. (inomhusmiljö)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2171-3013
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi. (miljöpsykologi)
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi. (miljöpsykologi)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9181-2084
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi. (miljöpsykologi)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7584-2275
2014 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Irrelevant background speech impairs cognitive capabilities such as writing. Laboratory studies wherein participants were tested alone in sound attenuated rooms, showed that ordinary speech, even with relatively low intelligibility (Keus van de Poll, Ljung, Odelius, Sörqvist, 2014), is more distracting than meaningless speech (Sörqvist, Nöstl, & Halin, 2012). Yet, so far research has paid little attention to the manifestation of these effects in classroom environments. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of irrelevant background speech on writing in a realistic classroom setting. The hypothesis was that irrelevant background speech would have distracting effects on text production, especially on writing fluency and typing errors. In an experimental within-subjects design, college students (in groups of 10-12 participants), sitting in a classroom, were asked to write short essays (5 minutes per essay) in the software program scriptlog. One essay was written in silence and one in the presence of background speech. As expected, background speech had a (slight) effect, although more participants are needed to increase the experimental power. Comparisons with previous studies on the effects of speech on writing are made and future directions are discussed.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2014.
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16782DiVA, id: diva2:722669
Konferanse
The 11th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Nara, Japan, June 1-5, 2014
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-09 Laget: 2014-06-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Kabanshi, AlanKeus van de Poll, MarijkeLjung, RobertSörqvist, Patrik

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