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The effect of using different distractor sets in visual search with spiders and snakes on spider-sensitive and nonfearful participants
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden .
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Psykologi.
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden .
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Swiss Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1421-0185, E-ISSN 1662-0879, Vol. 72, nr 4, s. 171-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In two visual search experiments, we investigated the impact of distractor sets on fear-relevant stimuli by comparing a search set with spiders, snakes, flowers, and mushrooms to one with spiders, snakes, rabbits, and turtles. We found speeded responses to spider and snake targets when flowers and mushrooms, but not when rabbits and turtles served as distractors. In Experiment 2, we compared spider-sensitive to nonfearful participants. Spider-sensitive participants responded faster than nonfearful participants to spider targets when we used flowers and mushrooms as distractors, but not when we used rabbit and turtle distractors. These results indicate that behavioral responses to the visual search task not only depend on the individual’s relationship to the stimuli included in the search set, but also on the context in which the feared or fear-relevant objects are presented.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Bern: Verlag Hans Huber, 2013. Vol. 72, nr 4, s. 171-179
Emneord [en]
distractor dependency, fear relevance, spider-sensitive participants, visual search, spiders, snakes, Arachnida, Distraction, Fear
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17730DOI: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000111ISI: 000324375400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885063782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17730DiVA, id: diva2:761843
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-09 Laget: 2014-10-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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