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Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology.
Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
2015 (English)In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The employment status of groups with different disabilities wasanalysed as were potentially important moderating factors (workability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analy-sis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities fromStatistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondentswere divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing,communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psycho-logical disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logisticregression analyses showed that the probability of being employedwas highest among respondents with hearing disabilities andrespondents with psychological disabilities were least likely tobe employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with onlyprimary education and with partially or very impaired workability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education didnot increase employment opportunities for respondents withimpaired work ability. In summary, the type of disability is essentialfor employment opportunities, and differences between disabil-ity groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129
Keywords [en]
Education level, Employment, Self-estimated work ability, Type of disability, adult, Article, disability, disabled person, dyslexia, educational status, employability, employment status, female, functional disease, hearing impairment, high school, human, major clinical study, male, mental deficiency, middle aged, physical disability, primary school, priority journal, speech disorder, unemployment, visual impairment, work capacity, work disability
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19405DOI: 10.1016/j.alter.2014.11.003ISI: 000365124200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928769973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19405DiVA, id: diva2:814910
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Situationen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, diskriminering, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Situationen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, diskriminering, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how the labour market situation appears to persons with different types of disabilities in Sweden. Study I (n=4 359) examined the importance of the person’s type of disability for the possibility of having a job. Study II (n=3 396) examined whether there were differences in occupational attainment between persons with different types of disabilities and between persons with and without a disability (n=19 004). Study III (n=4 359) examined perceived discrimination in the workplace among persons with different types of disabilities. Study IV (n=2 268) examined whatsupport and adaptation persons with different types of disabilities need in their actual workplace or to enter the labour market. In studies I–III the respondents were divided into six disability types, and in study IV the respondents were divided into four disability types.

Overall, it can be concluded that a person’s type of disability is of importance for the situation in the labour market, where persons with psychological disabilities encounter barriers to a greater extent than other groups, both difficulties at the present workplace and difficulties entering the labour market. Further, they were subjected to discrimination and they expressed a great need for adaptations to acquire employment and at their actual workplace. It can also be concluded that there are discriminatory mechanisms against women, who have more difficulties than men in acquiring employment, and that men, despite lower education, can more easily progress in the labour market. It is suggested that, in order to achieve inclusion and recognition, factors in the environment, such as existing support systems, need to be changed and developed, and social prejudices vis-à-vis people with disabilities must also be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 94
Keywords
Type of disability, disabilities, employment, occupational attainment, discrimination, support and adaptation, excluding processes, inclusion
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32260 (URN)978-91-7529-302-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-11-15, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal P1, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-05-04 Created: 2020-05-04 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Boman, TomasKjellberg, AndersBoman, Eva

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