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Product innovation in small companies: managing resource scarcity through financial bootstrapping
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 21, no 2, 1750020Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Researchers have proposed that scarce resources are the main factor hindering product innovation in small companies. However, despite scarce resources, small companies do innovate, so the research question is: How do small companies manage resource scarcity in product innovation? To answer the research question a multiple case study of three small established companies and their product innovation was used, including interviews and observations over a period of five months. The small companies were found to use many different bootstrapping methods in combination within their product innovation. The methods can be classified into three different functional categories: bootstrapping methods for increasing resources, for using existing resources more efficiently, and those for securing a fast payback on resources put into product innovation. Due to their resource scarcity, the studied companies also favoured an innovation strategy only involving new products done with known technology and targeting existing markets. This strategy seems to avoid unsuccessful innovation but at the same time exclude technologically radical innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2017. Vol. 21, no 2, 1750020
Keyword [en]
Product innovation, resources, resource scarcity, small company, financial bootstrapping, innovation management, small enterprise, small business, small firms, SME
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22720DOI: 10.1142/S1363919617500207ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84991267062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22720DiVA: diva2:1045707
Available from: 2016-11-10 Created: 2016-11-10 Last updated: 2017-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Löfqvist, Lars
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Industrial economicsCenter for Logistics and Innovative Production
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