Getting evidence-based pressure ulcer prevention into practice: a process evaluation of a multi-faceted intervention in a hospital setting
2016 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
The aim of the present study was to describe registered nurses', assistant nurses' and first-line managers' experiences and perceptions of a multi-faceted hospital setting intervention focused on implementing evidence-based pressure ulcer prevention.
Pressure ulcer prevention is deficient. Different models exist to support implementation of evidence-based care. Little is known about implementation processes.
A descriptive qualitative approach.
Five focus-group nurse interviews and five individual first-line manager interviews were conducted at five Swedish hospital units. Qualitative content analysis was used.
The findings support that the intervention and the implementation process changed the understanding and way of working with pressure ulcer prevention: from treating to preventing. This became possible as 'Changed understanding enables changed actions - through one's own performance and reflection on pressure ulcer prevention'. Having a common outlook on pressure ulcer prevention, easy access to pressure-reducing equipment, and external and internal facilitator support were described as important factors for changed practices. Bedside support, feedback and discussions on current results increased the awareness of needed improvements.
The multi-faceted intervention approach and the participants' positive attitudes seemed to be crucial for changing understanding and working more preventatively. The strategies used and the skills of the facilitators need to be tailored to the problems surrounding the context. Feed-back discussions among the staff regarding the results of the care provided also appear to be vital.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
hospital, implementation, pressure ulcer prevention, qualitative research
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22762DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13668PubMedID: 27875015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22762DiVA: diva2:1046762