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Patientens erfarenheter av egenvård i samband med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable development according to the University's criteria is not relevant for the essay/thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtsvikt är vanligt förekommande sjukdom i den svenska befolkningen

och även en vanlig orsak till sjukhusinläggning. Egenvård är en viktig del i

behandlingen. Bristande egenvård kan vara en bidragande orsak till försämring vid

hjärtsvikt vilket både kan leda till onödigt lidande för patienten och leda till stora

kostnader för sjukvården.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av egenvård i

samband med hjärtsvikt, samt beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod.

Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie. Elva vetenskapliga artiklar inkluderades. Artiklarna

söktes via databaserna Pub Med. Artiklar med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats

inkluderades. Resultatet analyserades genom att bearbeta artiklarna två tabeller och

markera med färg och sammanställdes.

Resultat: Resultatet i studien visar på att patienter med hjärtsvikt ofta lider av någon

form av psykisk ohälsa. Patienter med hjärtsvikt har ofta goda kunskaper i egenvård.

Dock medverkar depression eller annan form av psykisk ohälsa till minskad följsamhet i

egenvård på grund av sänkt initiativförmåga.

Slutsats: Att sjukdomen hjärtsvikt är multidimensionell och påverkar psyket negativt

leder till minskad förmåga i att utföra egenvård. Familjestöd, patientutbildning och

snabb respons från sjukvård har visat sig ha goda effekter på egenvård. Likaså bidrar en

stark familj och god ekonomi till bättre egenvård.

Abstract [en]

Background: Heart failure is a common disease in the Swedish population and also a

common cause of hospitalization. The self-care is an important part of the treatment.

Lack of self-care can be a contributing factor to the worsening of heart failure, which

both can lead to unnecessary suffering for the patient and lead to large costs for health

care

Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe patients' experiences of self-care

associated with heart failure and describe the articles included data collection method.

Method: Descriptive literature. Eleven scientific articles were included. Articles were

searched using PubMed. Articles with qualitative and quantitative approach included.

The results were analyzed by processing the articles two tables and mark with paint and

compiled

Result: The results of the study show that patients with heart failure often suffer from

some form of mental illness. Patients with heart failure often have good knowledge of

self-care. However participates depression or other forms of mental illness to reduced

adherence to self-care because of reduced initiative.

Conclusion: Disease heart failure is multidimensional and affects the psyche negatively

leading to reduced ability in performing self-care. Family support, patient education and

quick response from health care have been shown to have positive effects on self-care.

Also contributing a strong family and good economics to better self-care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Heart failure, self-care, patients, experience, attitude
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtsvikt, egenvård, patienten, erfarenhet, attityd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22848DiVA: diva2:1049986
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-11-27 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

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