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Attityder till patienter med beroendesjukdom - patienternas och vårdpersonalens upplevelser: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige lever cirka 300 000 människor idag med ett alkoholberoende, 700 000 personer lever med ett riskabelt bruk av alkohol, samt cirka 55 000 individer skattas för närvarande att leva med narkotikaberoende. Vårdpersonal möter denna stora patientgrupp inom vårdens alla delar.

Syfte: Att beskriva vårdpersonalens attityder mot patienter med beroendesjukdom samt patienternas upplevelser av vårdpersonalens attityder. Syftet var även att beskriva de valda artiklarnas undersökningsgrupp.

Metod: Litteraturstudien hade en deskriptiv design bestående av 11 vetenskapliga artiklar. Databaserna Medline via Pubmed samt PsycINFO användes för artikelsökning.

Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att vårdpersonalen beskrev att de ansåg att patienter med beroendesjukdom själva orsakat sin sjukdom och därmed inte förtjänade någon vård. Det framkom även att patienterna upplevt diskriminering, kränkning, negativa attityder och särbehandling i vården. Enligt patienternas beskrivningar så medförde denna upplevelse till att många patienter avstod från att söka vård.

Slutsats: Patienterna med beroendesjukdom som deltog i de inkluderade studierna blev bemötta med negativa attityder och diskriminering från vårdpersonalen. Denna negativa upplevelse beskrevs medföra att vissa patienter avstod från att söka vård. Viktigt är därför att vårdpersonalen skaffar sig kunskap om beroendesjukdomen och ser alla patienter som egna individer med behov och reducerar sitt diskriminerade sätt att agera på.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden it is estimated that there are about 300 000 people living with alcohol addiction today and approximately 700 000 people with harmful use of alcohol, and an estimated 55 000 with drugaddiction. Healthcare staff will meet this large group of patients everywhere.

Aim: Describing health care professionals attitudes toward patients with addictive disorders and patients experience of the health care professionals attitudes. The aim was also to describe an outline of the selected articles of this group.

Method: Literature study came from descriptive design consisting of 11 scientific articles. Article search by database Medline thrue PubMed and PsycINFO.

Main results: The results showed that professional staff statedthey believe patients with addictive disorders self-inflicted their illness and therefore did not deserve any help. It also showed that patients experienced discrimination, abuse, negative attitudes and discrimination in the health care system. According to patient experience this caused many from seeking further treatement.

Conclusions: Patients with addictive disorders were often met with negative attitudes and discrimination from health care professionals. This negative experience resulted in that many patients refrained from seeking treatemtent. It is therefore important that health care professionals receive professional training and education in addictive disorders in order to view every patient as a separate individual in order to reduce any discriminatory behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Addiction, attitudes, health personnel, patient
Keyword [sv]
attityder, beroende, patient, vårdpersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22881DiVA: diva2:1050488
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Matilda Bäckström Sandra Jonsson(704 kB)108 downloads
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