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Vuxna personers hanterande av livets slut med hjälp av coping strategier vid obotlig cancersjukdom: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är ett hälsoproblem som är stort över hela världen och mer än var tredje person riskerar att bli drabbad under sin livstid. Varje år ökar antalet människor som drabbas av cancer, men även överlevnaden ökar.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur vuxna personer med obotlig cancersjukdom hanterar sin livssituation med hjälp av coping strategier vid livets slutskede samt metodologiskt granska hur undersökningsgrupp och urvalsmetod är beskrivet i granskade artiklar.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design som baserades på 10 artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Artiklarna hittades i databasen Pubmed.

Huvudresultat: Familj, vänner och trosuppfattning var viktiga källor för att personer med obotlig cancer sjukdom skulle kunna hantera faktumet att livets slut var nära. Socialt stöd och religiös tro var nyckelkomponenterna för att personer som levde sin sista tid i livet skulle klara av att hantera sin livssituation, antingen genom att finna en mening i den pågående situationen eller genom stöd från sina nära och kära. Resultatet baserades på fyra kvantitativa artiklar och sex kvalitativa artiklar. I granskningen av de ingående artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod framkom både urvalsmetod och undersökningsgrupp. I studierna förekommer semistrukturerade intervjuer, strukturerade intervjuer och enkäter.

Slutsats: Coping strategier i form av socialt stöd och religiöst stöd var nyckelkomponenter för att personer med obotlig cancersjukdom skulle klara av att hantera sin sista tid i livet. Personerna såg olika på komponenterna, vilka coping strategier de använde och vilka som fungerade, men även vilket stöd som var av betydelse. De flesta personerna upplevde att stöd från familj och anhöriga var viktigt för att kunna hantera livets slutskede, men likaså stödet från en religiös bakgrund.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is a major health problem worldwide and more than every third person has got the risk to get cancer during their lifetime. The number of people getting diagnosed with cancer is increasing, but the survival rate is increasing as well.

Aim: To describe how adults with incurable cancer manage their lives with the help of coping strategies at the end of life as well as methodologically review how the selection of the study group and the selection method in the reviewed articles were described.

Method: A literature study with a descriptive design based on ten articles with both qualitative and quantitative approach. The articles were found in the database PubMed.

Findings: Family, friends and religious beliefs were important sources for people with terminally ill cancer to cope with the fact that life was about to come to an end. Social support and religious beliefs were the main important facts for the people who were facing end of life to be able to cope with their situation, either trying to find meaning in the current situation or through support from loved ones. The findings were based on four quantitave articles and six qualitative articles. The selection of the study group and the selection method in the reviewed articles were described in each article. The data collection methods that the included articles used were semistructed interwievs, unstructed interwievs and surveys.

Conclusion: Coping strategies as in social support and religious support were the main facts for people to cope with end of life. People had different views on both of the facts, which coping strategies they used and which ones that worked, but also what kind of support that was more important. Most of the people felt that support from family and friends were important to have so that they could cope with the end of life, but religious support was just as much important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Adaptation, cancer patient, coping, patient, terminally ill
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22893OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22893DiVA: diva2:1051058
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2016-12-05Bibliographically approved

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