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Sjuksköterskans attityder och faktorer av betydelse för bemötande av patienter med drog och alkoholmissbruk: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskans attityder och faktorer av betydelse för bemötande av patienter med drog och- alkoholmissbruk samt vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som används i de studier som ligger till underlag för resultatet.

Metod: En Beskrivande litteraturstudie där databasen PubMed användes för att hitta vetenskapliga artiklar. 4 kvantitativa och 8 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades i studien och granskades och sammanställdes av författaren.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskans attityder och faktorer av betydelse för bemötande i vården till missbrukare var negativa. Sjuksköterskorna hade en stigmatiserande syn på denna patientgrupp som kunde bero på den oförutsägbara situation där patienterna plötsligt blev aggressiva, och hotfulla situationer kunde uppstå. Även den osäkerhet som fanns hur man skulle bemöta dessa gjorde att det blev ett sämre bemötande. Attityderna och bemötandet sågs bli bättre hos de med drog och alkoholutbildning i samband med stöd i sin yrkesroll. Granskning av den metodologiska aspekten visade att alla de inkluderade artiklarna beskrivit datainsamlingsmetoden. De flesta använde sig av semistrukturerade intervjuer och frågeformulär för att samla in data.

Slutsats: Alla patientgrupper skall vårdas på lika villkor, även de med missbruksproblem. För att attityderna och bemötandet ska förbättras krävs det att sjuksköterskorna får den utbildning och kunskap som behövs.

Abstract [en]

Background: Drug and alcohol abuse cause health problems. Nurses meet drug and alcohol dependent patients in all health care facilities. Lack of knowledge, negative attitudes and prejudice against addicted people is present in all of society. The nurses' professional approach can be affected when treating patients with a drug and alcohol dependency. All people have the right to adequate treatment regardless of being an addict.

Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe the nurses' attitudes and treatment of towards patients with drug and- alcoholabuse. The aim was also to describe the kind of data collection methods used for the result.

Method: A descriptive literature study which the database PubMed was used to find scientific articles. 4 quantitative articles and 8 qualitative were included in the study and were reviewed and compiled by the author.

Results: Nurses' treatment of and attitudes towards addicts in the health care system was generally negative. Nurses had a stigmatized view of this patient group which could be due to the unpredictable situations where patients suddenly became aggressive and threatening situations arised. There was also an insecurity of how to approach these patients which led to an inferior treatment. Personel which had gone through education in drug and alcohol abuse showed improved attitudes and treatment of such patients.Review of the methodological aspect showed that all the included articles did describe their data collection method. Most used semi-structured interviews and questionnaires in order to collect data.

Conclusion: All patient groups should be treated on equal terms, also those with addiction problems. To improve the treatment and attitudes towards drug and alcohol dependent patients, nurses need the appropriate education and knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes, alcohol abuse, drugs abuse, nurse, treatment
Keyword [sv]
Attityder, alkoholmissbruk, bemötande, drogmissbruk, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22946OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22946DiVA: diva2:1051559
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-02 Last updated: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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Language
  • sv-SE
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  • Other locale
More languages
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