Isotope effects on the electronic critical points of germanium: Ellipsometric investigation of the E1 and E1+ Delta(1) transitions
1998 (English)In: European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter Physics, ISSN 1434-6028, E-ISSN 1434-6036, Vol. 5, no 1, 29-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Within the past years the optical excitations of electrons have been measured for semiconductor samples of different isotope compositions. The isotope shift observed have been compared with calculations of the effects of electron-phonon interaction on the electronic band structure. While qualitative agreement has been obtained, some discrepancies remain especially concerning the E1 and E1 + Delta(1) transitions. We have remeasured the effect of isotope mass on the E1 and E1 + Delta(1) transitions of germanium with several isotopic compositions. The results, obtained by means of spectroscopic ellipsometry, confirm that the real part of the gap self-energies induced by electron-phonon interaction is larger than found from band structure calculations, while the imaginary part agrees with those calculations, which are based on a pseudopotential band structure and a bond charge model for the lattice dynamics. Our results agree with predictions based on the measured temperature dependence of the gaps. We compare our data for E1 and E1 + Delta(1) with results for the lowest direct (E0) and indirect (E9) gaps. The measured values of Î0 and Î1 increase noticeably with increasing isotope mass. Similar effects have been observed in the temperature dependence of Delta(1) in alpha-Sn and GaSb. A microscopic explanation for this effect is not available.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 5, no 1, 29-35 p.
Electron energy levels; Electronic structure; Electrons; Ellipsometry; Energy gap; Isotopes; Phonons, Isotope effects, Semiconducting germanium
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23227DOI: 10.1007/s100510050415ISI: 000076570400005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0032289541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23227DiVA: diva2:1062851