Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied with Ankle Draft
2016 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Draft is unwanted local convective cooling. The draft risk model of Fanger et al. (Energy and Buildings 12, 21-39, 1988) estimates the percentage of people dissatisfied with air movement due to overcooling at the neck. There is no model for predicting draft at ankles, which is more relevant to stratified air distribution systems such as underfloor air distribution (UFAD) and displacement ventilation (DV). We developed a model for predicted percentage dissatisfied with ankle draft (PPDAD ) based on laboratory experiments with 110 college students. We assessed the effect on ankle draft of various combinations of air speed (nominal range: 0.1-0.6 m/s), temperature (nominal range: 16.5-22.5 °C), turbulence intensity (at ankles), sex, and clothing insulation (< 0.7 clo; lower legs uncovered and covered). The results show that whole body thermal sensation and air speed at ankles are the dominant parameters affecting draft. The seated subjects accepted a vertical temperature difference of up to 8 °C between ankles (0.1 m) and head (1.1 m) at neutral whole body thermal sensation, 5 °C more than the maximum difference recommended in existing standards. The developed ankle draft model can be implemented in thermal comfort and air diffuser testing standards.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
displacement ventilation; draft risk model; local thermal discomfort; thermal comfort; thermal stratification; underfloor air distribution
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Building Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23266DOI: 10.1111/ina.12364PubMedID: 28005297ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85010781747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23266DiVA: diva2:1063601