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Socioeconomic inequalities in health among school-aged adolescents in Tehran
Department of Health Science, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden; Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Department of Health Science, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden.
Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Health, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Clinical Sciences and education, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden .
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Department of Health Science, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden; Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, ISSN 1016-1430, E-ISSN 2251-6840, Vol. 30, no 1, 447Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Socioeconomic status has been found to have a significant impact on the health as well as risk behaviors of adolescents across different contexts. This study was conducted to assess the effect of social relations adjusted by social class on physical and psychological well-being of adolescences in Teheran, Iran. Methods: This was a cross- sectional study and carried out on 1,742 adolescences living in Tehran during 2011. Adolescences were selected, using proportional stratified sampling method and a questionnaire was filled over an interview for data gathering. Data were analyzed, using SPSS18 logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of psychological symptoms was more than 24% and had a large range (24%-93%), while physical symptoms showed a lower prevalence with a smaller range (12%-33%). Furthermore, there was a significant relation between the adolescences gender and feeling the need for others' help (p<0.001). Factors related to feeling the need for others help, anxiety, and worrying were the most prevalent among both boys and girls. In the section of family social relations, talking to the mother and talking to the father had the lowest and the highest prevalence among girls and boys, respectively. With respect to relations, the number of close friends and after school gathering time with close friends had the highest prevalence among girls, while the number of close friends and E-communication with close friends had the lowest and the highest prevalence among boys, respectively. Conclusion: The physical and psychological symptoms were common among adolescents from families with high socioeconomic status.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 1, 447
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, Health Behaviors, School-aged Children, Tehran
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23698PubMedID: 28210612Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019090010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23698DiVA: diva2:1077910
Available from: 2017-03-01 Created: 2017-03-01 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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