Validation of a translated version of the Canine Brief Pain Inventory for the measure of pain severity and functional movements in canine osteoarthritis
2016 (English)In: Journal of Small Animal Practice, ISSN 0022-4510, E-ISSN 1748-5827, Vol. 57, no Suppl. 2, 8-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Reasons for performing study: Head and pelvic motion are commonly used parameters of a visual lameness examination in dogs. Yet, there is a lack of studies describing their motion pat-tern during swinging limb lameness.
Objectives: The aim was to describe the vertical head and pel-vic motion in dogs with and without an induced swinging limb lameness.
Study design: Experimental study.
Methods: Swinging limb lameness was induced in 10 sound medium-size dogs by placing a custom made weight (200 g) proximal to the carpus and tarsus, respectively. The position of reflective markers, placed on the head and pelvis, was captured by eight infrared-based video cameras (240 Hz) while dogs were trot-ting on a treadmill before and after lameness induction. For each stride cycle, the differences in displacement between the two high-est (HDmax, PDmax) and the two lowest (HDmin, PDmin) val-ues of the head and pelvis were calculated, respectively. Pair-wise comparisons for each lameness induction compared to the sound measurement were performed using Wilcoxon signed rank test.
Results: HDmax was increased in dogs with induced swinging forelimb lameness and PDmax was increased in induced swinging hindlimb lameness (P < 0·05). Induction of swinging hindlimb lameness also increased both HDmax and HDmin, mimicking the pattern of a compensatory fore limb lameness (P < 0·005).
Conclusions: The study showed that differences in the maximal vertical head and pelvic displacements occur in induced swinging limb lameness in single fore- and hind limbs, respectively, and that vertical head motion symmetry is affected by both fore and hind swinging limb lameness.
Ethical animal research: The study design was approved by the local Ethical Committee on Animal Experiments.Sources of funding: AGRIA animal insurances.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 57, no Suppl. 2, 8-9 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23787DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23787DiVA: diva2:1083331
The International Conference on Canine and Equine Locomotion 2016, 17–19 August 2016, London, UK