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A comparative correlational study of coping strategies and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure and the general Swedish population
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 157-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to compare coping strategies and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with such strategies and QOL in persons from two general Swedish populations as well as to investigate relationships between personal characteristics and coping strategies. Methods:A cross-sectional, comparative and correlational design was used to examine data from three sources. The patient group (n=124), defined using ICD-10, was selected consecutively from two hospitals in central Sweden. The population group (n=515) consisted of persons drawn randomly from the Swedish population. Data were collected with questionnaires in 2011; regarding QoL, Swedish population reference data from 1994 were used. Results: Overall, women used more coping strategies than men did. Compared to the general population data from SF-36, patients with CHF rated lower QoL. In the regression models, perceived low ‘efficiency in managing psychological aspects of daily life’ increased use of coping. Other personal characteristics related to increased use of coping strategies were higher education, lower age and unsatisfactory economic situation. Conclusion: Differences between the patients and the general Swedish population showed an unclear pattern for coping and a clear pattern for QoL. To deal with the psychological consequences of daily life, men with CHF and persons in the general Swedish population seemed to use both problem- and emotion-focused coping. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 4, no 3, p. 157-167
Keywords [en]
chronic heart failure, coping, cross sectional survey, general Swedish population, Jalowiec Coping Scale, quality of life, SF-36
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23789DOI: 10.1002/nop2.81ISI: 000405085600006PubMedID: 28694980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23789DiVA, id: diva2:1083360
Projects
LVO-CopQoLAvailable from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, AnnikaCarlsson, MarianneLindqvist, RagnyKristofferzon, Marja-Leena

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