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Den yngre befolkningens flykt från landsbygden: En fallstudie över Bollnäs
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsen beskriver urbanisering med fokus på när yngre flyttar från landsbygden. Som ett bakgrundsmaterial har statistik inhämtats och presenteras i studiens teoridel. Uppgifterna består företrädesvis av befolkningsstatistik som presenteras i diagramform. Data har analyserats och bearbetats med hjälp av Excel och dataprogrammet Tableau. Studien undersöker specifikt om det finns särskilda orsaker till att unga människor flyttat från Bollnäs i Hälsingland. För att skaffa kunskap kring varför unga flyttar från Bollnäs har 10 ungdomar, som lämnat Bollnäs till förmån för en större stad, intervjuats genom semi strukturerade intervjuer. Vid analysen av studiens resultat har push and pull teori tillämpats. Teorin utgår från att ungdomarna utsätts för såväl skjutande som dragande faktorer. Resultatet av studien visar att gemensam anledning till varför intervjupersonerna har flyttat var möjligheten till högre studier, pullfaktor. Flera har också gett uttryck för en uttalad vilja att lämna hemstaden Bollnäs som de upplevt som liten och utan framtidsutsikter, pushfaktor. Inom ramen för studien har också intervjuer gjorts med styrande inom Bollnäs kommun. Dessa är medvetna om kommunens demografiska utmaningar, men har inga tydliga gemensamma strategier för att motverka att ungdomar flyttar från Bollnäs.

Abstract [en]

The essay describes the process of urbanization, focusing on the younger population that moves away from the countryside. As a background material, statistics has been gathered and is presented in the theory section of this study. The main part of this data constitutes of demographic statistics and is presented in diagrams. The data has been analysed using Excel and the computer program Tableau. The study specifically investigates whether there are any particular reasons why young people have moved from Bollnäs, in the province of Hälsingland. Hence, 10 young persons who have left Bollnäs in favour of a larger city have been asked questions in semi-structured interviews. In the study analysis, push and pull theory has been applied. This theory assumes that the young people are exposed to both pulling and pushing factors. The result of the study shows that a common reason why these young persons moved away was the prospect of higher studies, a pulling factor. Several participants also expressed a want to leave their hometown Bollnäs that they considered to be small and without prospects, a pushing factor. Moreover, some interviews with the governing politicians in the municipality of Bollnäs were carried out within this study. These politicians are aware of the demographical challenges that face the community. However, they do not have any clearly defined common strategies that prevent young people to move away from Bollnäs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , v+37+bilagor p.
Keyword [en]
Migration, urbanization, work, youth, countryside, cities
Keyword [sv]
Migration, urbanisering, arbete, ungdomar, landsbygd, städer
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23875OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23875DiVA: diva2:1088321
Subject / course
Spatial planning
Educational program
Study Programme in Spatial Planning
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(1076 kB)25 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1076 kBChecksum SHA-512
99fee278bc134b8424d414ab13967e39e99fcbc5aa60ec7afacc3c8228204b1cf4ca68290cd595a141342e4ee35839bf0b02df1dd772a420414b7d8ba4ee149a
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf