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Upplevelser av att vara anhörig till en person med cancersjukdom: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable development according to the University's criteria is not relevant for the essay/thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: År 2014 registrerade 60 524 patienter med maligna tumörer i cancerregistret i Sverige. Fördelningen av maligna tumörer var 52 procent hos män och 48 procent hos kvinnor. Anhöriga spelar en viktig roll för en person med cancersjukdom och för dessa anhöriga sker det stora förändringar i vardagen. Sjuksköterskor har en viktig roll att stärka dessa drabbade familjer och stötta alla medlemmar i familjen.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att vara anhörig till en person med cancersjukdom samt att beskriva undersökningsgrupperna i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design baserad på 13 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Materialet analyserades och delades in i ämnesrubriker.

Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att anhöriga till personer med cancersjukdom lever i en förändrar vardag med förändrade roller. Anhöriga kunde uppleva ångest och oro över livssituationen samt hjälplöshet. Det var viktigt för anhöriga att hålla familjen samman för deras eget bästa och för personen med cancersjukdom. Upplevelsen av vårdpersonal varierade bland anhöriga.

Slutsats: Anhöriga påverkas på många olika sätt. Att kämpa är en vardag för anhöriga och hjälp från vänner, familj samt vårdpersonal är viktigt för anhöriga. Det är relevant med information i lagom mängd och visad empati från sjuksköterskan. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan ser hela familjen i fokus och inte bara personen med cancersjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Background: In 2014, 60 524 patients with malignant tumours were registered in the Swedish Cancer Registry. The distribution of malignant tumours was 52 percent for men and 48 percent for women. Relatives play an important role in the life of a person with cancer, and these families are facing major changes in everyday life. Nurses have an important role to give support to these affected families.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe family members’ experiences of being a relative of a person with cancer and to describe research groups in the included studies.

Method: A literature review with descriptive design based on 13 qualitative scientific studies. The material was analysed and divided into subject headings.

Main Results: The results displayed that relatives of people with cancer are living in a family with major changes of their roles and in everyday life. Relatives could experience anxiety and concerns about life situation and helplessness. It was important for family members to keep the family together for their own sake and for the person with cancer. The experience of healthcare professionals varied among these family members.

Conclusion: Relatives are affected in many ways. Facing challenges is everyday life for these relatives, and help from friends, family and health professionals are important for family members with a person with cancer. It is relevant with information in just the right amount and that the nurse is showing empathy towards relatives. Finally, it’s relevant that the nurse also sees the whole family and not just the person with cancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, Dependent, Everyday, Experience, Life Relationship
Keyword [sv]
Anhörig, Cancer, Relation, Upplevelse, Vardagsliv
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23968DiVA: diva2:1092687
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

mailto:hfk13gsm@student.hig.se

Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2017-05-09Bibliographically approved

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