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Den psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljön bland distriktssköterskor och sjuksköterskor i primärvård respektive hemsjukvård
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Primärvård och hemsjukvård skiljer sig åt organisatoriskt och ledningsmässigt vilket kan påverka verksamhet och arbetsuppgifter, detta kan i sin tur påverka den psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljön för distriktsköterskor/sjuksköterskor. Syftet med studien var att jämföra eventuella skillnader i den psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljön hos distriktsköterskor/sjuksköterskor inom primärvården respektive hemsjukvården. Metoden var en kvantitativ jämförande tvärsnittsstudie med datainsamling via enkäten QPSNordic 34+. Enkäten administrerades till 159 utvalda deltagare inom primärvården och 148 utvalda deltagare inom hemsjukvården. Enkäten besvarades 39 distriktssköterskor/sjuksköterskor inom primärvården och 39 distriktsköterskor/sjuksköterskor inom hemsjukvården. Resultatet visade signifikanta skillnader i fyra av elva kategorier av den skattade psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljön mellan primärvårdens distriktssköterskor/sjuksköterskor och hemsjukvårdens distriktssköterskor/sjuksköterskor. Skillnaderna fanns i ”arbetskrav”, ”kontroll i arbetet”, ”skicklighet i arbetet” och ”stress”. I samtliga av dessa fyra kategorier skattade primärvårdens deltagare sin psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljö lägre jämfört med skattningen från hemsjukvårdens deltagare. Slutsatsen är att distriktsköterskor/sjuksköterskor inom primärvården skattar sin psykologiska och sociala arbetsmiljö lägre jämfört med distriktssköterskor/sjuksköterskor inom hemsjukvård.

Abstract [en]

 Background: There is a different in management and organization in primary health care and in municipal home health nursing. This different may effect activities and tasks at work, which in turn can affect the psychological and social work environment of district nurses / nurses. The purpose of this study was to compare any differences in the psychological and social work environment of district nurses/nurses in primary health care and home health nursing. Method: A quantitative, comparative cross-sectional study was conducted and the data was collected with the survey QPSNordic 34+. The survey was administred to 159 participants in primary care and to 148 participants in home health nursing. The survey was answered by (n = 39) district nurses /nurses in primary health care and (n = 39) district nurses/nurses in home health nursing. The result showed significant differences in four out of eleven categories in the psychological and social work environment between the district nurses/nurses in primary care and the district nurses/nurses in home care. Differences were found in "work requirements", "control at work", "work skills" and "stress". In all of these four categories, district nurses/nurses in primary health care estimated their psychological and social work environment lower than the estimation from district nurses/nurses in home health nursing. The conclusion of this study was that district nurses/nurses in primary health care estimate their psychological and social work environment lower in comparison to the district nurses/nurses in home care nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Home health nursing, Primary health care, Psychological, Social, Work environment
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsmiljö, Hemsjukvård, Primärvård, Psykologisk, Social
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24085DiVA: diva2:1106961
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 593 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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