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Utvecklad value stream mapping för en varierande produktion mot kundorder: En fallstudie vid Karl Hedin Emballage AB
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
The essay/thesis is partially on sustainable development according to the University's criteria
Abstract [sv]

Introdukton: Dagens hårda krav på specialanpassade produkter har bidragit till fler och fler företag som tillämpar en kundorderanpassad strategi. Eftersom dessa företag konkurrerar genom att hålla så låga ledtider som möjligt och erbjuder unika produkter med tilltalande priser har det blivit allt mer attraktivt att använda sig av lean-baserade verktyg för att reducera slöseri, skapa en effektivare produktion och således bli mer konkurrenskraftig. Problemet är att lean-verktyg inte är utvecklade för denna typ av organisation.

Syfte: Syftet är att utforma en modell för en utvecklad value stream mapping som visar hur företag med en kundorderstyrd strategi som kännetecknas av hög produktvariation i låga volymer kan använda value stream mapping för att effektivisera produktionen.                                                   

Metod: Studien är utförd genom en fallstudie vid ett tillverkande företag som producerar specialanpassade produkter efter kundönskemål. För att kartläggningen genom value stream mapping skulle vara genomförbar samlades relevant litteratur in. Därefter genomfördes intervjuer och observationer som underlag för det empiriska materialet. Avslutningsvis har teorin tillsammans med det empiriska materialet utgjort innehållet för analyser och slutsatser inom denna studie.                                                                                                                     

Resultat: Fallföretaget kännetecknas av en komplex produktion av unika produkter med korsande material- och informationsflöden vilket försvårar value stream mapping. Fallföretagets tillverkningsprocesser inom produktionen är manuell kapning, manuell plywoodkapning, kedjekapning, inredning och montering. Processer med liknande operationer var utspridda i fabriken och monteringsprocessen identifierades som flaskhals.                                                                                                                                 

Slutsats: En modell för hur företag med en kundorderstyrd strategi med hög produktvariation och låga volymer kan använda value stream mapping har sammanställts. Vidare har ytterligare aspekter fastställts som är betydande vid genomförandet av value stream mapping inom denna produktionsform. 

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Today’s high demand on customer specific products has led to an upstream of organizations that are adapting an make-to-order production strategy. Seeing that these organizations compete by obtaining low lead-times and the ability to present unique and affordable products, a need has been created to use lean-based methods in attempt to reduce waste, create an efficient production, thus to gain competitive advantage. The issue is that lean-methods are not developed for these types of organizations. 

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compile a model that describes how an organization that is characterized by make-to-order strategy and with a high variety in products manufactured in low volumes can implement value stream mapping to create an efficient production and thus gain competitive advantage.

Methodology: The study is carried out through a case-study on a company that manufacture based on the specification of customer-orders. To perform a value stream mapping, relevant literature was collected and studied. Consequently, interviews and observations were conducted and constitute the empirical data. Subsequently the literature review along with the empirical data constitutes the conclusions and findings.   

Results: The case company is characterized by a complex manufacturing of unique products with crossing information- and material flows which complicates value stream mapping. The processes consist of manual cutting, semi-manual cutting, plywood cutting, component manufacturing, and assembling. Processes with similar operations were spread throughout the manufacturing plant and the assembly points were identified as bottle-necks.  

Conclusion: A model that describes how an organization that is characterized by make-to-order strategy and with a high variety in products manufactured in low volumes can implement value stream mapping has been compiled. Furthermore, additional aspects have been identified that are significant in the implementation of value stream mapping within this form of production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 67 p.
Keyword [en]
make-to-order, engineer-to-order, lean, value stream mapping
Keyword [sv]
lean, produktion, value stream mapping, värdeflödesanalys, effektivitet, kundorderstyrning, kundorderanpassad, slöseri
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24246OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24246DiVA: diva2:1110047
External cooperation
Karl Hedin Emballage AB
Subject / course
Industrial engineering and management
Educational program
Industrial management and logistics – bachelor’s programme (swe or eng)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-18Bibliographically approved

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