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Våldtäktsoffers trovärdighet och tillförlitlighet i rätten: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Credibility and reliability of rape victims in court : A qualitative content analysis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats var att studera vad det är tingsrätten bedömer och värderar, när det gäller trovärdighet och tillförlitlighet i våldtäktsoffers berättelser. Utöver det så var syftet att undersöka om dessa faktorer kan jämföras med föreställningar om ideala och icke-ideala offer. Studien har genomförts med kvalitativ innehållsanalys som metod. Urvalet har inhämtats från två olika tingsrätter. Resultaten visar att det finns ett antal gemensamma kategorier som visar på vad tingsrätten ofta har med i sin bedömning, som vittnesutsagor, offrets beteende före, under och efter händelsen samt teknisk bevisning. Våra slutsatser är bland annat att bemötandet av våldtäktsoffer i rätten ser olika ut och att bedömningarna varierar mellan domarna. Studien visar att vissa faktorer från resultatet kan bidra till högre eller lägre offerstatus enligt teorin om det ideala brottsoffret samt beskrivningarna om det medskyldiga, passiva och motsträviga offret. Andra faktorer från resultatet kunde inte kopplas till dessa idealtyper gällande offer.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper was to study what it is that the district courts judge and value when it comes to credibility and reliability in the stories of victims of rape. We also wanted to study if these factors could be compared to the ideal and the non-ideal victim. The method that was used for this study was qualitative content analysis. The sample was obtained from two different district courts. The results show that there are several common categories that are often used by the districts courts in their judgements, such as witness testimonies, the behaviour of the victim before, during and after the incident and additional evidence. Our conclusions from the study are that rape victims can be treated differently in court and that the assessments look different depending which verdict it is about. The study shows that certain factors from the outcome may contribute to higher or lower victim status according to the theory of the ideal victim and descriptions of the complicit, passive and non-compliant victim. Other factors from the result could not be linked to these ideals of victims. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
victims, rape, credibility, reliability, district court
Keyword [sv]
offer, våldtäkt, trovärdighet, tillförlitlighet, tingsrätten
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24475DiVA: diva2:1113477
Subject / course
Criminology
Educational program
Study Program in Applied Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-22 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-06-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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