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Fysisk aktivitet och depressiva symtom/depression: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Var fjärde svensk drabbas någon gång i livet av sjukdomen depression, 25% kvinnor och 15% män. Uppskattningsvis lider 300 miljoner människor i hela världen av depression och antalet växer. Diagnosen depression är den mest återkommande och kostsamma diagnosen av psykiatriska sjukdomar som behandlas inom primärvården. Depression kan utvecklas till ett allvarligt hälsotillstånd vilket kan leda till att personen som drabbats av depression tar sitt liv.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva vilken betydelse fysisk aktivitet har som omvårdnadsåtgärd vid depression och depressiva symptom. Vidare var syftet att granska den metodologiska aspekten för litteraturstudiens ingående artiklar och beskriva deras urvalsmetod.

Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie med systematisk litteraturöversikt, vetenskapliga artiklarna söktes via CINAHL och Medline via PubMed, även en manuell sökning genomfördes. Totalt ingick 16 antal artiklar i litteraturstudien.

Huvudresultat: Fysisk aktivitet har en god förebyggande effekt samt symtomreducerande effekt vid depressiva symtom/depression. Fysisk aktivitet kan även bidra till förbättring i kognitiva funktioner.

Slutsatser: Fysisk aktivitet har en förebyggande och reducerande effekt på depressiva symtom och depression patienterna bör definieras i tid och information, motivation och uppmuntran är viktiga åtgärder för sjuksköterskan att känna till i sitt hälsofrämjande arbete.

Abstract [en]

Background: Every fourth Swede is some time in life affected by the disease depression, 25 % women and 15 % men. Approximately 300 million people in the world are suffering from depression and the number is increasing. The diagnosis of depression is the most recurrent and expensive diagnosis of psychiatric diseases treated within the primary health center. Depression can develop into a severe health condition, which can lead to that the affected individual commits sucid.

Purpose: The purpose of this literary study was to describe the impact of physical activity as nursing treatment for depression and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, the aim was to examine the methodological aspect of the articles in the literary study in detail and describe their selection method.

Method: Descriptive literary study with systematic literary survey, the scientific articles searched in CINHAL and Medline by PubMed. One manual search was performed. A total of 16 articles were included in the literary study.

Main result: Physical activity has a good preventive and symptom reducing effect on depressive symptoms/depression. In addition, physical activity can contribute to improvement in cognitive functions.

Conclusion: Physical activity has a preventive and reducing effect on depressive symptoms and the patients should be defined in time. Information, motivation and encouragement are important measures for the nurse to be acquainted with in his/her health preventing work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 59 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression, Exercise, Nurse, Physical activity
Keyword [sv]
Depression, Fysisk aktivitet, Omvårdnad, Träning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24500DiVA: diva2:1113978
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-01 Created: 2017-06-22 Last updated: 2017-08-01Bibliographically approved

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