hig.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Salutogent perspektiv i arbetslivet: En intervjustudie gällande faktorerna krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och stress, bland personal i hemtjänsten efter införandet av ett ny arbetsmetod
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Salutogenic perspective in working life : An examination of the factors demand, controll, social support and stress among the staff in the home care service, after the introduction of a new working method (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of the factors demand, control, social support and stress among the staff in home care service and establish how these factors have changed after the introduction of the new working method Vanguardin 2014.

The method of the study had a qualitative approach and the data collection was done using semistructured interviews. Four interviews were conducted with staff in a home care service group. The study selection was targeted and the participants were recruited by contacting a manager of a municipal home care service group in a town in central of Sweden.The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed with a manifest thematic content analysis, with a phenomenological element.

The results showed that the factors demand, controll, social support and stress have improved since the introduction of the new working method. The results showed that the work-related demands have changed from being a negative factor that caused stress, to instead being something positive that develops staff as individuals. Participation and influence increased in the workplace as staff themselfes began to plan their work. This contributed to an increased sense of control. Social support improved in the workplace since they became smaller groups and thus became better acquainted with each other. Stress is no longer due to high workload but occurs rather if problems arise in the work group.

The conclusion is that demands, control, support and stress are important factors in working life that either affect health negatively or positively. Vanguard as aworking method has contributed positively in the investigated group and improved the perceived health of the workers.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hemtjänstpersonalens upplevelser av krav, kontroll, stöd och stress och utröna hur dessa faktorer förändrats efter införandet av den nya arbetsmetoden Vanguard år 2014.

Metoden i studien utgjordes av en kvalitativ ansats och datainsamlingen utfördes genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Fyra intervjuer genomfördes med personer som arbetar i hemtjänsten. Studiens deltagare rekryterades till följd av att en chef för en kommunal hemtjänstgrupp i Mellansverige kontaktades. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades genom en manifesttematisk innehållsanalys med ett fenomenologiskt inslag.

Resultatet visade att faktorerna krav, kontroll, stöd och stress har förbättrats sedan införandet av den nya arbetsmetoden Vanguard. Resultatet visade att de arbetsrelaterade kraven har förändrats från att vara en negativ faktor som orsakade stress, till att istället vara något positivt som personalen utvecklas av som individer. Delaktighet och inflytande ökade på arbetsplatsen i och med att personalen själva började planera sitt arbetet, vilket bidrog till en ökad känsla av kontroll. Socialt stöd förbättrades när de under förändringsarbetet blev mindre grupper och på så vis lärde känna varandra bättre. Stress är inte längre som tidigarerelaterat till hög arbetsbelastning, utan uppkommer snarare om problem uppstår inom arbetsgruppen.

Slutsatsen är att krav, kontroll, stöd och stress är viktiga faktorer i arbetslivet som antingen påverkar hälsan negativt eller positivt. Vanguard som arbetsmetod har bidragit med en positiv inverkan på den undersökta arbetsgruppen och förbättrat den upplevda hälsan hos arbetstagarna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Public health, staff in home care service, Vanguard, demand, control, social support, stress
Keyword [sv]
Folkhälsa, hemtjänst personal, Vanguard, krav, kontroll, socialt stöd, stress
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24544DiVA: diva2:1114781
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-06-25 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(699 kB)5 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 699 kBChecksum SHA-512
884ca168b37615bef4c997ea41f9a47b24e91bf182dce1f672c45cb84fb20409ff9e7d9012ceea454605ee28a77362c35fc483b78669d0a9ef0bc4619bb2b689
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 5 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 15 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf