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Robotar är hårda - Människor är mjuka: En jämförelse av upplevd psykosocial arbetsmiljö mellan två avdelningar inom industrin
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Psychosocial work environment - A comparison between two departments in industry (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande kvantitativa studie var att undersöka om det förelåg några skillnader i upplevd psykosocial arbetsmiljö beroende på om de anställda arbetar i en automatiserad produktion eller en manuell produktion. Den psykosociala arbetsmiljön mättes utifrån aspekterna: inre arbetsmotivationen med underkategorierna: autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet samt krav i arbetet och stress. Enkätstudien genomfördes på en stålindustri där 60 anställda deltog i undersökningen. Mätinstrumenten som användes var BNS (Basic Need Satisfaction at Work Scale) som mätte den inre arbetsmotivationen med behoven; autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet. COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnarie) mätte krav i arbetet och stress. Resultatet visade en signifikant skillnad i inre arbetsmotivation, där de anställda som arbetade på den automatiserade avdelningen skattade högre grad av autonomi än de anställda på den manuella avdelningen. Vidare visade resultatet på en tendens till skillnad i krav i arbetet. De anställda på den manuella avdelningen upplevde högre krav i arbetet än de som arbetade på den automatiserade avdelningen. Inga skillnader påvisades mellan avdelningarna avseende motivationsbehoven kompetens, samhörighet eller stress. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine whether there were any differences in self- perceived psychosocial work environment depending on whether employees work in an automated production or a manual production. The psychosocial work environment was measured on the basis of the aspects: intrinsic work motivation with the subcategories: autonomy, competence and belongingness as well as demands in work and stress. The survey was conducted on a steel industry where 60 employees participated in the survey. The measuring instruments used were the BNS (Basic Need Satisfaction at Work Scale) that measured the intrinsic work motivation with the needs; autonomy, competence and belongingness. COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire) measured requirements in work and stress. The result showed a significant difference in intrinsic work motivation, where employees working at the automated department estimated higher autonomy than employees in the manual department. Furthermore, the result showed a tendency to differentiate from the requirements of the work. The staff at the manual department experienced higher demands at work than those working at the automated department. No differences were identified between departments regarding the motivational needs of competence, belongingness or stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Intrinsic work motivation, demands in work, stress, automated production and manual production
Keyword [sv]
Inre arbetsmotivation, krav i arbetet, stress, automatiserad produktion och manuell produktion
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24735DiVA: diva2:1127471
External cooperation
Industri
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human resources and labour relations
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-08 Created: 2017-07-15 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Department of Social Work and Psychology
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf