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The impact of building orientation on energy usage: Using simulation software IDA ICE 4.7.1
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The building sector consumes 32% of global energy used, and it is responsible for 20% of total greenhouse gases emissions. In Europe, more than one third of the buildings are 50 years or older, thus, it is critical that new dwellings are designed in the most efficient way from an energy perspective, since the consequences of the decisions taken today will remain during decades.

The use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) software is promising for the design of a wide range of constructions; from small dwellings to big apartment buildings. These programs allow the architect, designer or civil consultant to perform several simulations of the energy behavior of a building in a timely manner, even before a single brick is put in place. Among them, IDA ICE software utilized in this thesis is a top rated program, situated by some authors within the four main building energy simulation tools. This is an outstanding fact considering that it is estimated in more than 400 the number of available BIM programs.

With the help of IDA ICE it will be demonstrated that for a dwelling object of study, located in Madrid (Spain), it is possible to save up to 4 250€ through the entire life of the building if the proper orientation is chosen. The discussed literature and results will also show that orientation is, by far, the most critical passive design parameter related to a building, from which the efficacy of other related measures depends on.  

It will be also proven that the optimal orientation depends on the weather where the dwelling is located, even though a general trend consisting in orienting the houses located in the northern hemisphere to the south, and vice versa, is observed.

Building orientation, BIM programs, building energy consumption, passive design parameters, IDA-ICE simulation tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
building orientation, BIM programs, passive design parameters, IDA-ICE simulation tool
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24825OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24825DiVA: diva2:1130899
Subject / course
Energy systems
Educational program
Energy engineering – master’s programme online (one year) (in eng)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-08-11 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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