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The Effect of Cognitive Control on Different Types of Auditory Distraction
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
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2017 (English)In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, E-ISSN 2190-5142Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Deviant as well as changing auditory distractors interfere with short-term memory. According to the duplex model of auditory distraction, the deviation effect is caused by a shift of attention while the changing-state effect is due to obligatory order processing. This theory predicts that foreknowledge should reduce the deviation effect, but should have no effect on the changing-state effect. We compared the effect of foreknowledge on the two phenomena directly within the same experiment. In a pilot study, specific foreknowledge was impotent in reducing either the changing-state effect or the deviation effect, but it reduced disruption by sentential speech, suggesting that the effects of foreknowledge on auditory distraction may increase with the complexity of the stimulus material. Given the unexpected nature of this finding, we tested whether the same finding would be obtained in (a) a direct preregistered replication in Germany and (b) an additional replication with translated stimulus materials in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
attentional capture, cross-modal distraction, interference control, top-down control, working memory
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24864DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000372PubMedID: 28662612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24864DiVA: diva2:1133961
Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-08-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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