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Nuclear power and resource efficiency-A proposal for a revised primary energy factor
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5661-2917
2017 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 6, 1063Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Measuring resource efficiency can be achieved using different methods, of which primary energy demand is commonly used. The primary energy factor (PEF) is a figure describing how much energy from primary resources is being used per unit of energy delivered. The PEF for nuclear power is typically 3, which refers to thermal energy released from fission in relation to electricity generated. Fuel losses are not accounted for. However; nuclear waste represents an energy loss, as current plans for nuclear waste management mostly include final disposal. Based on a literature review and mathematical calculations of the power-to-fuel ratio for nuclear power, PEF values for the open nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) option of nuclear power and different power mixes are calculated. These calculations indicate that a more correct PEF for nuclear power would be 60 (range 32-88); for electricity in Sweden (41% nuclear power) PEF would change from 1.8 to 25.5, and the average PEF for electricity in the European Union (EU) would change from 2.5 to 18. The results illustrate the poor resource efficiency of nuclear power, which paves the way for the fourth generation of nuclear power and illustrates the policy implication of using PEFs which are inconsistent with current waste management plans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 6, 1063
Keyword [en]
Breeder reactor, Burn-up, Cumulative energy demand, Energy intensity, Fission, Nuclear power, PEF, Primary energy, Resource, Uranium
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24866DOI: 10.3390/su9061063ISI: 000404133200185Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85021130870OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24866DiVA: diva2:1133996
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Fjärrsyn
Note

Funding agency:

University of Gavle

Energiforsk (Fjärrsyn)

Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-08-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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Language
  • sv-SE
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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