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Building energy pre-design based on multi-criteria decision analysis
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The successful energy design of buildings requires that special attention be paid to the conceptual stage. However, it is a difficult task to find the most promising design alternatives satisfying several conflicting criteria. This thesis presents a simple multi-criteria decisions analysis method that could assist designers in green building design. Variables in the model include those alternatives that are common options when a residential building is to be constructed. The individual components that are considered are the building envelope, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system, service water heating, power and lighting. The key actors, objectives and methodology of multi-criteria decisions analysis are presented and finally a case study for a residential building in Athens is performed. The criteria by which to evaluate each building component of the newly built construction were identified by the decision-makers. Subsequently, decision frameworks for the selection of roof, walls, windows, heating system, energy source for heating system, power source, lighting and service water heating system were built. The method is followed step-by-step to conclude on the optimal building components based on their score. Due to the equal scoring of the windows and an inapplicable combination of electric underfloor heating with air-to-water heat pump, the method is characterized by low accuracy. The fact that the building components have been treated individually sets the method as a basic one and indicates that a more complex one should be preferred when more trustworthy results are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
decision-making, building components, multi-criteria decision analysis, residential building, energy pre-design, interests, stakeholders
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25368OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25368DiVA: diva2:1147210
Educational program
Energy engineering – master’s programme online (one year) (in eng)
Presentation
2017-09-04, 09:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-05 Last updated: 2017-10-06Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(1845 kB)12 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1845 kBChecksum SHA-512
71c28a2adf57d9e102ac37c144c886fb389e746489a1e6c44901862981360b3f4f9699541f29ef4ced5c3f434c5c25eb5257a2e498d40ddf15b28db4c65b0eda
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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