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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser av att arbeta inom akutsjukvård: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Arbetet inom akutsjukvård har ett högt tempo, är omväxlande och avancerat samt innefattar patienter som drabbats av trauma. Tidigare studier visar att trauma innebär ett lidande för den drabbade personen men de visar även att personer som bevittnar effekterna av dessa trauman kan påverkas av dem. Stora krav ställs på sjuksköterskorna som arbetar med akutsjukvård då de förväntas kunna hantera alla aspekter av arbetet.

 

Syfte

Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser av att arbeta inom akutsjukvård samt beskriva inkluderade artiklars undersökningsgrupp.

 

Metod

Studien är en beskrivande litteraturstudie som har sammanställts av tolv vetenskapliga artiklar. Av dessa var en av kvantitativ ansats och en av mixad metod med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Resterande artiklar var kvalitativa.

 

Huvudresultat

Sjuksköterskor inom akutsjukvård upplevde arbetet som oförutsägbart och hektiskt. Det beskrevs som ett givande men samtidigt utmanande jobb som var krävande för sjuksköterskan. Sjuksköterskorna påverkades emotionellt av de traumarelaterade skador som de bevittnade i arbetet, för att hantera dessa använde sig sjuksköterskorna av olika resurser och copingstrategier.

 

Slutsats

Genom att applicera copingstrategier och få stöd i form av olika resurser hade sjuksköterskorna lättare för att hantera och bearbeta arbetet inom akutsjukvård.

Abstract [en]

Background

Emergency care is a versatile and complex setting which is performed at a high pace. Patients within the critical care units are often victims of trauma. Previous studies have shown that the sufferers of trauma are not only the injured person but also the people who witness the effects of these traumatic injuries. Nurses who work in the emergency care setting is faced with high demands and are expected to cope with all the aspects of their work.

 

Aim

The aim of this study was to describe nurses experience and perspective of working with emergency medical care and to describe the included articles test groups.

 

Method

This was a literature study with a descriptive design. The result was composed of twelve scientific reports. Of these were one of quantitative approach and one had a mixed method approach with both qualitative and quantitative design. Remaining articles had qualitative approaches.

 

Main results

Nurses who were stationed in the emergency care setting perceived their work as unpredictable and hectic. It was viewed as a rewarding but also challenging profession. The nurses felt that it required a lot of them and they also got emotionally affected by the traumatic injuries they encountered. To handle their work the nurses used different coping strategies.

 

Conclusion

By applying the right coping strategies, get support from others and access to different resources the workload which had a mental impact got easier to manage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
Coping, Emergency care, Nurse experience and perspective, Trauma.
Keywords [sv]
Akutsjukvård, Coping, Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet och upplevelse, Trauma.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25527DiVA, id: diva2:1156907
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser av att arbeta inom akutsjukvård(730 kB)61 downloads
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