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Krav, kontroll och stöd bland vårdgivare i en kommun i Mellansvergie.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract  

Hansson, A. (2017). The experience of demands, control and social support among a group of health care providers in Central Sweden - a cross sectional study. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Occupational and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Sweden.

Background: In Sweden, employees who work within health and social care is the largest occupational group and is also the group which accounts for the highest number of illness cases. Work in health care often means a variety of psychosocial workloads such as high demands, low control and lack of social support.

Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the experiences and/or presence of demands, control and social support among nurses and home care workers in their daily work in health care in a municipality in central Sweden.

Method: The study included 44 participants, 12 nurses and 32 home care workers. In a quantitative cross-sectional study, data was collected by use of a questionnaire designed by the author for the aim of the study. Participants reported their age, gender, working years and working hours, and answered questions about the experience and/or presence of demands, control and social support in their daily work.

Results: The majority of the respondents experienced social support at their workplace. However, respondents 44 years or younger, did rarely/did not experience high work demands from managers or colleagues.

Employees who worked more irregular hours experienced more often that they achieved expectations of what should be done from the care takers and their relatives. Respondents who had worked as caregivers 10 years or more, felt that their working hours were governed by the needs of care taker.

Conclusion: The results show that an inadequate psychosocial work environment, with high demands, low control and lack of social support, was not experienced and/or a present problem among the majority of the respondents. Further research and knowledge is needed on how the perception of demands, control and social support at work has an impact on the self-perceived health of municipal employees within the health care sector since the work leave due to illness in this sector in Sweden continues to rise.

Keywords: Demand, control and support, Public Health, Psychosocial Working Environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 34
Keyword [en]
Demand, control and support, Public Health, Psychosocial Working Environment.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25578OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25578DiVA: diva2:1159513
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Presentation
2017-11-22, 16:55 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-08 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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