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Sjuksköterskors attityd till inducerad abort: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kvinnor i Sverige har rätt till fri abort fram till graviditetsvecka 18 om det ej

medför risk för kvinnans liv. Vid abort efter vecka 18 krävs godkännande av socialstyrelsen.

Lagen för abort är inte densamma i hela världen utan kan skilja sig mycket från land till land.

Totalt uppskattas att cirka 45 miljoner aborter utförs årligen i världen, varav hälften beräknas

vara illegala aborter.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors attityd till inducerad abort samt att

beskriva undersökningsgruppen i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med beskrivande design. Artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed

och Cinahl och resulterade i 14 artiklar som inkluderades i studien.

Huvudresultat: Hos sjuksköterskor förekom både negativ och positiv attityd till inducerad

abort. Negativ attityd yttrade sig genom bland annat livsåskådning och religiös tro samt vid

upprepade aborter. I en del fall yttrade sig detta genom diskriminering av patienterna. Positiv

attityd visade sig genom sjuksköterskornas övertygelse om kvinnans rätt till abort. En jämlik

och icke dömande vård betonades. Sjuksköterskorna hade olika metoder för att kunna hantera

situationen och utföra ett bra arbete utifrån patientens bästa.

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskors attityd kan påverka kvinnornas upplevelse av vården i positiv eller

negativ riktning. Med insyn i vilka attityder som förekommer hos de som jobbar med

inducerad abort ges sjuksköterskor en chans att reflektera kring sin egen attityd.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden women has the right to abortion until pregnancy week 18, as long

as there’s no risk for her life. Abortion after pregnancy week 18 require a permit from The

National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen). The law regarding abortion varies a

lot around the world. Approximately 45 million abortions are performed annually around the

world. It’s estimated that half of them are performed illegally.

Aim: To describe nurse's attitude towards induced abortion and to describe the survey group

in the included articles.

Method: A literature review with a descriptive design. The articles were searched in the

database PubMed and Cinahl and resulted in 14 articles that was included in the study.

Main results: It occurred both negative and positive attitude among nurses towards induced

abortion. Negative attitude were shown through the nurses conception of life, religious belief

as well as repeated abortions. In some cases this was shown through discrimination of the

patients. Positive attitude was shown through the nurses conviction of women's right to

abortion. An equal and non-judgemental care was emphasized. The nurses had different

methods to cope with the situation and perform an adequate job with regard for the patient's

best.

Conclusion: Nurses attitudes may affect women’s experience of health care in a positive or

negative direction. Knowledge of the occurring attitudes among staff involved in induced

abortion give nurses an opportunity to reflect on their own attitude.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Abortion, Attitude, Nurse
Keywords [sv]
Abort, Attityd, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25545DiVA, id: diva2:1159532
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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