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Ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 1
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 1 är en kronisk sjukdom som i Sverige drabbar cirka 800 barn årligen och kräver daglig behandling med insulin. Sjukdomen innebär begränsningar i det dagliga livet. Ungdomar har ett ökat behov av att frigöra sig från föräldrar och att bli självständig är en naturlig del i ungdomars utveckling.

Syfte: Beskriva ungdomars upplevelse av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 1 samt att granska vilken undersökningsgrupp som återfinns i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie. Databaserna Medline via Pubmed och Cinahl användes för att söka underlag till studien. Elva vetenskapliga artiklar återfinns i resultatet.

Huvudresultat: Ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 1 upplevde en känsla av att vara annorlunda och att sjukdomen var en börda. Ungdomarna upplevde även att de hade fler konflikter med sina föräldrar än sina kamrater och att föräldrarna hade svårt att släppa kontrollen. För att acceptera sin sjukdom beskrev ungdomarna att de behövde integrera sjukdomen som en del i sin identitet och sitt dagliga liv. På så vis kunde ungdomarna nå självständighet och utveckla sin förmåga att ta eget ansvar gällande egenvård.

Slutsats: Resultatet påvisade att majoriteten av ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 1 kände sig annorlunda i jämförelse med jämnåriga. Många ungdomar upplevde svårigheter i relationen till sina föräldrar relaterat till ansvar för egenvården. Ungdomarna beskrev processen att acceptera och integrera sin sjukdom som en del i deras identitet. Sjuksköterskor har en viktig uppgift att stötta och vägleda ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 1 mot självständighet och ge dem förutsättningar att klara av egenvård.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes mellitus type1 is a chronic disease which yearly afflicts around 800 children in Sweden and requires daily insulin treatment. The disease entails limitations in everyday life. Adolescents have an increased need to liberate themselves from their parents and gaining independence is a natural part of youths’ development. 

Aim: Describe adolescents´ experience of living with diabetes mellitus type 1 and to examine which research group is found in the included articles. 

Method: Descriptive literature study. The databases Medline via Pubmed and Cinahl were used in searching for study material. Eleven scientific articles are included in the results.

Main findings: Adolescents with diabetes mellitus type1 had an experience of being different and that the disease was a burden. The adolescents also had the experience of having more conflicts with their parents than with their friends, and that their parents had difficulties letting go of control. In order to accept the disease, the adolescents described the need to integrate the disease as a part of their identity and daily life. In this way the adolescents could gain independence and grow in their ability to take responsibility and manage their self care.

Conclusion: The findings showed that the majority of adolescents with diabetes mellitus type1 had an experience of being different compared to their peers. Many adolescents experienced difficulties in the relationship with their parents regarding the responsibility for selfcare. The adolescents described to process of acceptans and the need to integrate their disease as part of their identity. Nurses have an important task of supporting and guiding adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 1 towards independence and giving them the conditions for coping with selfcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes mellitus type 1, experience, adolescents
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes mellitus typ 1, upplevelse, ungdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25602OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25602DiVA, id: diva2:1160306
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-11-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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