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Visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms in individuals with visual impairment and with age-normal vision
School of Health and Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Centre for Rehabilitiation Research, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
2018 (English)In: Clinical and experimental optometry, ISSN 0816-4622, E-ISSN 1444-0938Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Visual impairment is globally among the most prevalent disabilities. Research concerning the health consequences of visual deficits is challenged by confounding effects of age, because visual impairment becomes more prevalent with age. This study investigates the influence of visual deficits on visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms in adults with and without visual impairment, while controlling for age effects.

METHODS:

Thirty-nine patients with visual impairment, aged 18-72 years, were compared to 37 age-matched controls with normal vision, allocated to two age groups: < 45 and ≥ 45 years. Self-reported symptoms were measured using the Visual, Musculoskeletal and Balance Symptoms Questionnaire and compared with demographic and optometric variables.

RESULTS:

In total, patients with visual impairment reported more symptoms than age-matched normally sighted controls. Younger adults in the control group were almost free from symptoms, whereas younger adults with visual impairment reported levels of symptoms equal to older adults with visual impairment. Multiple logistic regression modelling identified use of eyeglasses, magnifying aids and presence of anisometropia to be the most influential risk factors for reporting visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms, with accentuated influence on balance symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

People with visual impairments and people with age-related normal visual deficits are both predisposed to report visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms relative to people without visual defects or need for eye-wear correction. Age-related variations in symptoms were observed in the control groups but not in the visual impairment groups, with younger visual impairment patients reporting as many symptoms as older visual impairment patients. These findings indicate a need for a wider interdisciplinary perspective on eye care concerning people with visual impairment and people with need for habitual daily use of eye wear correction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Visual impairment, visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms, age differences, optometric measures
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25770DOI: 10.1111/cxo.12806PubMedID: 29938826Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052638671OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25770DiVA, id: diva2:1163829
Available from: 2017-12-08 Created: 2017-12-08 Last updated: 2018-09-24Bibliographically approved

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Richter, Hans

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