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Livskvalitet hos kvinnor med bröstcancer: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancersjukdomen bland kvinnor och i Sverige drabbas 9000–10000 personer per år. Antalet som insjuknar i bröstcancer ökar för varje år och kvinnor mellan 65-74 år är den åldersgrupp som har den procentuellt största ökningen i antalet insjuknade.

 

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur kvinnor som drabbats av bröstcancer skattade sin livskvalitet under behandling och efterkontrollsperiod samt att undersöka vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som använts i de inkluderade artiklarna.

 

Metod: Den föreliggande studien har en deskriptiv design och innehåller totalt 11 artiklar med kvantitativ ansats. Datainsamlingen har genomförts via PubMed.

 

Huvudresultat: Kvinnorna skattade sin livskvalitet lågt när de upplevde olika behandlingsrelaterade biverkningar som trötthet, sömnsvårigheter, brist på energi, ångest, oro, depression samt koncentrationssvårigheter. Vissa kvinnor skattade sin livskvalitet lågt när de upplevde hög yttre kontroll, att omgivningen påverkades av ödet, hade låg utbildningsnivå samt att om de drabbats av bröstcancer i yngre ålder. Högre skattad livskvalitet kunde ses bland de kvinnor som hade hög inre styrka, vände sig till sin tro eller andlighet. Kvinnorna skattade även sin livskvalitet högre om de var högutbildade, hade socialt stöd samt regelbundet utförde fysisk aktivitet.

 

Slutsats: Kvinnor som drabbats av bröstcancer skattar sin livskvalitet lägre efter insjuknandet än innan. Vad som har inverkan på den lågt skattade livskvalitén är behandlingsform, hur de hanterar sina inre och yttre resurser samt socioekonomisk status. För de kvinnor som trots bröstcancerdiagnosen skattar sin livskvalitet högt har andlighet, stöd från familj och partner, information från sjukvården samt fysisk aktivitet varit avgörande. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and in Sweden it affects 9000-10000 people per year. The number of people who gets ill in breast cancer increases every year, and women between 65-74 years are the age group with the highest percentage increase in the number of patients.

 

Aim: The aim of the study was to describe how women affected by breast cancer estimated their quality of life during treatment and post-control period, and to investigate which data collection methods were used in the included articles.

 

Method: The current study has a descriptive design and contains a total of 11 articles with quantitative approaches. Data collection has been carried out via PubMed.

 

Main results: The women estimated their quality of life low when they experienced different treatment-related side effects such as fatigue, sleep difficulties, lack of energy, anxiety, depression and concentration difficulties. Some women estimated their quality of life low when they experienced high external control and felt that the environment was affected by fate, had low levels of education, and that if they had breast cancer at a younger age. Higher estimated quality of life could be seen among those women who had high inner strength, turned to their faith or spirituality. Women also estimated their quality of life higher if they were highly educated, had social support, and regularly performed physical activity.

 

Conclusion: Women who suffer from breast cancer rate their quality of life worse after the onset of illness than before. What affects the low-estimated quality of life is the form of treatment, how they handle their inner and outer resources and socio-economic status. For those women who despite the breast cancer diagnosis rate their quality of life high, spirituality, support from family and partner, health care and physical activity has been crucial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 24
Keywords [sv]
Bröstcancer, kvinnor, livskvalitet, skattning.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25883DiVA, id: diva2:1168441
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved

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