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Att beskriva hur personer med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom upplever sin livssituation: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

: Ulcerös kolit och morbus crohn är kroniska sjukdomar och går under samlingsnamnet inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom (IBD). Sjukdomarna uppträder i skov där symtomen kan vara täta diarréer, trötthet samt illamående.

Syfte:

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att beskriva hur personer med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom upplever sin livssituation samt att beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas urvalsmetod.

Metod:

Denna litteraturstudie har en deskriptiv design där tio artiklar inkluderades, samtliga inhämtade från databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Av dessa tio artiklar var åtta kvalitativa och två var kvantitativ, samtliga publicerades mellan 2007-2017. Resultaten i de inkluderade artiklarna bearbetades, därefter sammanställdes och jämfördes likheter samt skillnader mellan dessa. Även skillnader samt likheter i den metodologiska aspekten urvalsmetod granskades i artiklarna.

Resultat:

I resultatet framkom sju rubriker: Stöd från omgivningen, Upplevelse av trötthet, Kostens betydelse, Vikten av en god planering, Vårdens betydelse, Behandling och biverkningar och Metodologisk aspekt - urvalsmetod.

Stöd från kunnig vårdpersonal och närstående ses som en positiv aspekt, medan avsaknaden av en helhetssyn ur ett vårdperspektiv kan bidra till en negativitet gentemot vården. Kosten kan vara en bidragande faktor till en begränsning i vardagen samt ett hinder i sociala sammanhang. Trötthet beskrivs som ett av de primära symtomen vid IBD, detta påverkar både den drabbade samt dess omgivning då den extrema tröttheten kan vara betungande för individen och påverka familjelivet negativt.

Slutsats:

Individerna upplever sin livssituation som begränsad på grund av sjukdomen, detta rör såväl ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv. Stöd kan vara en avgörande faktor för att uppnå välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

Background

: Ulcerative colitis and morbus crohn are chronic diseases and are known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Diseases occur in episodes, where the symptoms may include frequent diarrhea, fatigue and nausea. Aim: The aim of this literature study is to describe how people with inflammatory bowel disease experience their life situation and to describe the selection methods of the included articles. Method: This literature study has a descriptive design incorporating ten articles, all collected from the PubMed and Cinahl databases. Eight of the articles were qualitative and two was quantitative, all published 2007-2017. The results in the included articles were processed, the similarities and differences between them was compiled and compared. Differences and similarities in the methodological aspect selection method were examined in the articles. Result: In the result, seven headings appeared; Support from the environment, Fatigue, Importance of diet, Importance of good planning, The importance of care, Treatment and side effects and Methodological aspect - Selection method.

Support from educated healthcare professionals and close relatives is seen as a positive aspect, while the absence of an overall perspective from a healthcare perspective can contribute to a negativity towards healthcare. Diet can be a contributing factor to a limitation of everyday life as well as a barrier in social contexts. Fatigue is described as one of the primary symptoms of IBD, which affects both the patient and its environment, extreme fatigue can be burdensome for the individual and adversely affect family life.

Conclusion:

Individuals experience their life situation as limited because of the disease, both regarding physical, psychological and social aspects. Support can be a crucial factor in achieving well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Inflammatory bowel disease, life situation, patient, support
Keywords [sv]
inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom, livssituation, patient, stöd.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25976DiVA, id: diva2:1172373
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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