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Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter inom nutritionsomvårdnad: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Undernäring är vanligt bland äldre personer i Sverige. Tydliga riktlinjer finns på vilka insatser som bör göras men ändå är det få åtgärder som utförs. Detta visar ett tecken på bristfällig organisation och ledning, eller att kompetens saknas hos personal som utför nutritionsomvårdnaden.

Syfte

Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter inom nutritionsomvårdnad. Samt att beskriva artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod.

Metod

En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design baserad på 10 vetenskapliga artiklar.

Huvudresultat

Sjuksköterskor hade begränsad kunskap och färdigheter inom nutritionsomvårdnad och kunde därför inte identifiera patienter som var undernärda. De var även motvilliga till att använda screening-instrument då det inte vet hur man gör. Stort ansvar ligger hos sjuksköterskan att utföra nutritionsomvårdnad som samtidigt måste prioritera andra uppgifter. Resultatet delades upp i tre delar som redovisas under rubrikerna, Otillräckligt kunskap, Attityd, Ansvar och prioriteringar.   

Slutsats

Studier visar att sjuksköterskor har bristande kunskap inom nutritionsomvårdnad och användning av screening-instrument för att identifiera undernärda patienter. Sjuksköterskan behöver mera utbildning inom nutritionsvård och hur man använder screening-instrument för att bättre kunna bemöta undernärda patienter.

Abstract [en]

Background

Malnutrition is common among elderly people in Sweden. There are clear guidelines on what kind of intervention should be made, yet there are few actions being taken. This shows a sign of inadequate organisation and management, or lack of expertise in staff performing nutrition nursing care.

Aim

The aim for this study is to describe nurses’ experience in nutritional nursing care. And describe the article’s data collection method.

Method

A descriptive literature study based on 10 scientific articles.

Result

Nurses had limited knowledge and skills in nutrition nursing care and therefore could not identify patients who were malnourished. They were also reluctant to use screening instruments because they do not know how to use it. The nurse has a major responsibility to perform nutritional nursing care, which at the same time must prioritize other tasks. The results were divided into three sections, which are listed under the headings: Insufficient Knowledge, Attitude, Responsibility and Priorities

Conclusion

Studies show that nurses have insufficient knowledge in nutrition care and use of screening instruments to identify malnourished patients. The Nurse needs more training in nutrition care and how to use screening instruments to better respond and treat malnourished patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Attitude, knowledge, nursing role, nutrition assessment, malnutrition.
Keywords [sv]
Attityder, kunskap, nutritionsbedömning, sjuksköterskans roll, undernäring.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26021DiVA, id: diva2:1174800
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-19 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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